The Master Key to the Mystery System of the Ankh

The Secret of the Ankh is a pathway into the Mystery Systems. The Secret of the Ankh leads to the what is called called the God Particle or what is alled the Higgs Particle but told in mythos by the Ancient People of the Nile. The Secret of the Ankh also is in line with the Infinity Puzzle of Frank Close this  where infinity (Heh) and its opposite nothingness (hehet) and Nwn (Dark Radition) and its opposite Nwnt (anti-matter) or and the resultant matter is analyzed in creation . I believe that I have decoded the Symbol of the Ankh. My findings are that the Ankh can no longer be viewed as just meaning life, but the creation of Life itself. The Cosmological Origin was first discovered by myself and my friend Sekou Fortune. I later expanded the base findings into a Blog that can be shared and read.

Essentially, I am saying that the Nile Valley Africans created a Mythos Formula that connected the 8 Primordial Components to the creation of waves (n) Ma and  (KH) and Waves where the N is the Glyp of ripples of water/waves and the Kh is the Glyph called the placenta which I am saying is matter. This I contemplated beginning in 2009.

This is only the first part of what I have discovered. At some point, I will release a concept Bigger than the “Secret”, Bigger than the Laws of Attraction. What is hidden is in plain site once you begin to understand Part I of the Secret of the Ankh. Part II will lead you on a straight path to Initiation because the Ankh means Life, but it also means Eternal Life.

Up until June of 2011, I have always considered the Ankh an Egyptian  or Kemetic Symbol and had decoded it using the cosmology of the Egyptians. However, Anna-Mari Pieterse from South Africa – who has read my work –  directed me to look at the work of Michael Tellinger. His discoveries in South Africa show that the mysteries in Kemet began deep in Africa.

Before I summarize, I want  to open up the air by reading to you probably the most important inscription on any wall in the World. Though Hidden and overlooked this inscription deals with the oneness of the Creator  and summarizes more than 5,000 years of Egyptian Cosmology – Hibis Temple – the center of the southern el-Khargeh Oasis Hymn to the Ba’s of Amun _t should be memorized.  Commissioned by Darius I after he sacked Kemet from the Nubians – he layed bare Egyptian Cosmology to spread to Asia.  The temple writing clearly shows that the Egyptians knew of one creator but acknowledge they had used several names and several stories but the one arose out of the primordial ocean. The Secret of the Ankh is in here.

ankhThe above photograph is the oldest Petroglyphs of Azania, Southern Africa from Temples of the African Gods by Michael Tellinger, Johan Heine

From Nile Valley written literature: You are Amun, you are Atum, you are Khepri, you are Re. Sole one who made himself into millions, Tatenen who came about in the beginning. You are the one who built his body with his own hands, in every form of his desire. You are the great winged-scarab within Nut, who protected A heaven and earth in their entirety, while rising from Nun within the primeval mound.

The Ogdoad rises [for him in] jubilation when he appears, they seeing by means of his [his first] manifestation as Horus-who-illumines, whose entire circuit is in the spit-fi re and [torch-fi re] of his eyes, having illumined the circuit of heaven with his great double-plumes.

My theory lives in here

To summarize the concept in Part I

(1)The Ogdoad Primordial Eight are the elements that created the Divine Creator according to the Egyptians. This is taken from one of the oldest cosmologies -of Hermopolis or Khmnu.

(2) Aspects of this story are used in the creation of Ptah, Ra, Amen, Aten in the other creations stories. These all deal with just the creation of the Creator not with what existed before creation.

(3) The symbol for the Ankh is the symbol with the Circle on top of the cross hairs – followed by the Mdu Ntr sounds of N and KH.

(4) From the breakthroughs of translations we know the symbol was pronounced NKH or ANKH. The A is disputed and may have been added for convenience of pronunciation. Even if the Ankh is a triliteral – at this point there is no definitive way to show how it was pronounced.

(5) If we return to the Ogdoad, the eight pairs are Amen Amenet, Nun, Nunuet, Kek, Kekhet, and Heh, Hehet. My theory is that the symbol took the names of the Ogdoad into consideration for its pronunciation. One must remember first that the Mdu Ntr is in fact the Sacred Words of the Ntrs. So there must be some root words are sounds that were used in the beginning and will continue to be used for words describing creation.

(6) The Ankh not only is a symbol of Life but the elements that create life. These elements are the Ogdoad and the Odgoad is essential for Life. The symbol Ankh is connected to the Ogdoad and I believe it gets its name from the Odoad. This is the secret of the Ankh.

(7) I understand that there is controversy of me creating the mnemonic ANKH to represent the Khemennu (The Primordial Eight). However, in Nile Valley Cosmology it is in fact the Eight that created life. So the mnemonics do not take away from this concept even though their is no prove that the Nile Valley Africans thought this way but we can be sure the Ankh symbol is written with the water sign (N) and the (KH) – whether this meant waves and particles is another thing. This is my Theory.

Let us continue.

I want to pause here so that I can correct three important points that may come up as a criticism. First, in order to help the reader find relevant source material, I use the work Ogdoad. However, the Nile Valley Mdu Ntr term with the most primary information is Khemenu and that a scholar looking for primary resources should always look for primary material first and secondary material second. The information on the Khemenu is should ultimately be referenced from what it means in the Original Language. Here is an example, Egypt is referred to the Land of the Ancient People in which we are talking about. However, the name of the land referred in text by the people is Kemet, Ta Seti, Ta Mery. We could call the people Egyptians but they call themselves the Rmt or Kmtw.

Two – I will say that the Ankh must be re-translated to the Khemenu (The Eight, 4 pairs). and I may get criticism from those unfamiliar with primary text and say that Amun is never first because Nun was.  One should always stand from a position of being well researched. At anytime, that I have to defend the order of the Khemenu, I can do so with primary sources. I will say at this time that Amun/Amunet was the primordial Wave by themselves and they created NUN.  Amun/Amunet exist in at least two dimensions and their later reality becomes Eight as they now split tow Amun/Amunet, Nun/Nunet, Kek,Keket and then HeH.HeHet.

Third, I will say the symbol the Ankh is actually the Eight, the Khemenu or the European name Ogdoad and will have again criticism. I have included a letter from Dr. Mario Beatty which I use as constructive criticism. However, Amun is always hidden and we do not know if the Symbol was actually pronounced as Ankh or Nkh – So Since Amun is hidden let us make that sound invisible and pronounce the symbol NKH for these purposes. NKH is a formula that includes the Khemenu for several reasons. The reaction of the Eight creates the Light that Created Life. In addition, the Khemenu are seen holding the Symbol sometimes all Eight or sometimes just 4 or the Eight. In Addition as I will show that the Mdu Ntr of the Symbol contains the N (Wave) and the KH (particle/seive) and these are quantum physic properties of the duality of Waves and Particles. Lastly, the Khemenu appears in Precreation, Creation, Life, and Afterlife scenes in Text and in Plates.

At this time – I will not touch my original theses until I publish my work – I hope that these satisfies initial criticism and those that want to criticize I find have not read enough primary sources to rule out anything that I am saying for the Nile Valley African often renews or make better their thoughts in later text to cure what was hidden in earlier text. So the Khemenu Cosmology was made better later.

Wherever the Ankh is translated in Ancient Egypt Literature  it must be re-translated with the following insight:  The Ankh is the Life Code; The Egyptian’s so-called “Infinities or Chaos” Gods: Amen/Amenet, Nun/Nunet,Kuk,Kukhet, Heh/Hehet – the Ogdoad.; The Meaning of Life is no longer just a flat definition but a multi-dimensional definition of the scientific and possibly spiritual definition of how life was created itself.

First though it may appear my work is not about phonetics, not about linguistics but linguistics have some bearing. The Secret of the Ankh can be approached two ways that lead to the same result.

First I will look at the Ogdoad – the Primordial Eight and how these elements resolve themselves into Life.

Second, I will look the Mdu Ntru symbol for the sound N which is a Wave and the Mdu Ntr symbol for the sound KH which Gardiner says incorrectly is a placenta but probably matter – are key elements of the symbol ANKH or NKH – Wave plus Matter produces the elements of Life or the God Particle. This is essentially a well proven theory of Dr. Oyiboe, as part of his GAGUT -Grand Unifying Theorem. I will use Dr. Oyiboe’s expression but expand on it.

Part I

Before I begin talking about the Ogdoad, I want to discuss an important finding about the word ANKH to open up the doors. Mostly, we don’t look at sounds having any mathematical principles unless the definition says to look in that direction. For example – the word Code – has a definition of some puzzle. An Astute problem solver would look into the word code itself to see its origins, its use, etc.

The sound Ankh is a code. Let’s begin to see why.

I will do it with the sounds that make up the Ankh and later look at the symbols. First the sounds. Let’s look at the purmutations that make up the sounds ANKH.

A – A, An, Ak, Ah

N – N, Na, Nh, Nk

H – H, Ha, Heh, Hk, Hn

K – K, Ka, Kh, Kn, Km

Well Look at this – The sounds combinations make are the beginning to many important words in Ancient Khemet and even important words that all languages stand on.

From Kemet – I mean –  An, Annu,  N, Nu, Nun, , Kh, Kek, Ha, Heh, Heka including creating the words Amen, Nun, Keh, Heh and many more. The Diety Ptah – has said to be written in its earlier text Pet ta HeH.  From the Catholic Encylopedia we find that Ptah of Memphis (An) is the ruler of infinity (Heh) and the Lord of Eternity (Tet). Some of these patterns make up the formula we are discussing. Ankh or Nkh, Some of these words find themselves in the Cosmological space that I am discussing now.

For example – the word combinations  that make up the ANKH also make up the elements of the name of the City of Eight where the Ogdoad precided -Khmn.

In addition we have AN – The City of AN – Heliopolis where another creation story comes from.

We have elements of the soul Ka, Ah

Of course we have the powerful sound that discribes a wave or vibration – N

From the Ethiopian Book of Life by Sir. E. A. Wallis  Budge. Wallis Budge looks at the Greek Magical Papyri (Kenyon, Greek Papyri in the British Museum) There exist ABRACADABRA – Why is this word so magical.


The point is that Greeks, who derived their knowledge from the People of the Nile did have knowledge of palindrones and words form words.

I can go on but the Doors have been Opened

Part II

So lets look at the Ogdoad itself. First the Egyptians called them the Hehu.  They are represented by 4 pairs of primordial qualities, forces, or Deities.

A = Amen/Amenet

N = Nun/Nunet

K = Kek/Kehhet

H= Heh/Hehet


If these are primorial creators or important forces then their names would probably primoridal sounds. Said or chanted together would be a word sound. This word sound can now be described as the Ankh

the ankh

Before I continue, I do want to make note that in many Quantum Physics discussions, the God Particle or the Higgs Boson Particle is associated with a sound.

Where as Dr. Beatty has guided me that phonetically that I have a problem because of the difference of the pronouncement of A sound in Ankh and the I/A of Amen/Amenet. At any rate, I should be able to continue with my Thesis because  we have not heard the Ankh nor Amen/Imen pronounced in 1,000 years by an African native to the Mdu Ntr. It can very well be pronounced as NKH with the A silent. Additionally, the symbolic evidence is even more plausible.  Also we see in the ANKH that water/nile /wave glyph that gives the N sound is also part of Nun/Nunet and even part of Amen/Imn. In addition, I have not found yet a Glyph that represents the A sound in ANKH. I have always seen it having the Ankh symbol and with the N sound and the KH sound. So there is at this point no proof that the symbol is pronounced the way we pronounce it.

In addition, earlier I have shown that the root sounds of the Hehu/Ogdoad deities are used in other important Kemetic words as some root code.

This dilemma – is like one that Dr. James Conyers once told me about. Paraphrasing, We have seen four thousand years of the pictures of the upper and lower crown on the Nwsts head. We assume that we have found one – but there exist none in any museum.  Here we assume that the Ankh is pronounced with  a long A sound – when we know the people of the Kmt either made them silent or did not pronounce them at all. This is what we call Paradigm Blindness.

The Secret of the Ankh is a bold, fresh view to Egyptology and expands the field. The definition of the Ankh has not been challenged or expanded since its appearance in the Western World. The Ankh exist prior to creation, during creation, during life, during the time of transition, and in the afterlife. The failure to see the Ankh with this expanded definition is paradigm blindness.

Important also is that the religion, history, spirituality, philosophy stands on its Cosmology. The Ogdoad/Eight/Hehu/Infinities/Chaos Gods are in aspects of all of the Kemetic cosmologies. In the cosmological studies, the Ankh does not appear until after the creation begins and the success is the life of the Creation God as Ptah, or as Amen. When the creator deity is born in Nun or the combination of the Ogdoad in Nun then the symbol appears. The symbol of the Ankh is the Egyptian representation of the “God Particle” or the “Higgs Particle”.

I have a short post on cosmologies, plead read. Over the years, I have talked to many Kemetic Scholars, Priest/Priestess, people of the Kemetic Faith, or people who are involved in Kemetic organizations  and I find that the majority do not know the cosmological systems of Egypt or have chosen one over the other without knowing that they interlock. I was lucky enough to know and read the Maat Kheru Dr. Jacob Carruthers work early on and I can say that this lead me to this analysis.

The Secret of the Ankh is a Paradigm Shift and from the definition that author Joel Barker gives: A paradigm is a system of rules and regulations that does two things: First, some of the rules set limits or establishes boundaries-just like a pattern sets the edges. Then, the rest of the rules offer you guidance on how to be successful by solving problems that exist inside these boundaries-in a sense, they offer you a model for problem solving. So a paradigm is a problem-solving system. And a paradigm shift is when you change from one set of rules to another. Paradigm Blindness is when you can’t see change or what is really happening because the rules that you are using are preventing you from seeing reality or the future.


The ANKH is a Paradigm because it solves a set off  problems in the field of the study of Nile Valley Civilization, African Culture.

If the Ancient People of Kemet did not want the common people to understand the laws of order,  “Ma’at” – they simply would not have written it down on everything they could. There are few who claim that they belong to some Mystery System and then act as if this is some special preserve. The people of Kemet said otherwise, they said things such as, “If you are a leader and command many, strive for excellence in all that you do so no fault can be found in your character”.  For Maat is Great; its value is lasting and it has remained unequal and unchanged since the time of the Creator

Part I

The Ankh represents the first key to the Mysteries “The Creation of Everything”.  The Ankh means more than Life – it is the most ancient symbol of a code of sounds and primordial deities. The Ankh is actually the Names of the so called “chaos” Deities of the Khemnu or Ogdoad:  Amen/Amenet, Nun/Nunet,Ku/Kukhet,Heh/Hehet.  – This resolves itself to ANKH. The Ankh itself has four distinct sides and one of them is the Loop Nun/Nunet.  These four pairs in were thought to be the Children of Tehuti and Maat. Both Tehuti (Vibration), Maat (Order) and the four pairs themselves have their own forces. Amen/Amenet is the hidden spark of life and its opposite , Nun/Nunet – is the primordial unformed mass and its opposite, Ku/Kukhet is the qualities of  Light and its opposite, and Heh/Het is the qualities of infinity and its opposite. At some point the Eight fuse themselves together bounded by Maat and Tehuti and a Deity Ptah is formed out of this chaos – (the God Particle), he steps on a mound, Aton is formed and lands on his shoulder then The Ennead is created or the 9 deities. This is called the “First Time” or Sp Tepii, Zep Tepi, Sep Tepii, Sep Tepi.

Ancient Kemet is both Scientific and Spiritual. The Mysteries System of Egypt is also both Scientific and Spiritual. To begin self mastery one must understand how everything began. A child in Ancient Egypt would be told the creation stories, I described and grow up understanding Science and Spirituality. An African Child in the Diaspora would be taught one of the Major Western Religions and grow up with religion and later learn science and have to juggle between the two.  Here is the beginning key to re-orientating African Thought, Practice, Spirituality, Redemption and Self Mastery.

From the Video

The oldest creation story Hermopolis  – Khmunu creation story. This creation story has both Maat and Jehuty living in Khemnu which translates to the city of Eight. In the City of Eight (Khemnu) with Maat and Jehuty were four pairs of dieties, both male and female. This is called the Ogdoad by the Greeks.Maat is said to be the mother of the Eight!!!! Tehuti her Husband or Consort.The names of the eight were Nu/Nunut, Heh and Hehet, Amn, Amnt and Ku, Kukhet.

They were associated with qualities such as primordial  mass, infinity and its opposite, hidden forces and its opposite and darkness and its opposite. From the left image, you see the Goddess Maat and Tehuti on the far right image is the Ogdoad.
From the Nile Valley Text: You [the Eight] have made from your seed a germ, and you have instilled this seed in the lotus, by pouring the seminal fluid; you have deposited in the Nun, condensed into a  single form, and your inheritor takes his radiant birth under the aspect of a child (Edfu VI, 11-12, and Esna V).[xxix]
Coffin Text spell 76 names the four pairs, and connects the Ogdoadwith some of the Ennead: O you eight chaos gods, keepers of the chambers of the sky, whom Shu made from the efflux of his limbs, who bound together
the ladder of Atum…I am Shu, whom Atum created, from whom Ra came to be.I was not fashioned in the womb, I was not bound together in the egg.I was not conceived, but my father Atum spat me out…together with my sister Tefnut… The bnbn of Ra was that from which Atum came to be as Heh (chaos), Nun, (the watery abyss), Kek (darkness),Tenem (gloom —substituted for Amun in this verse).
Here is how the Ogdoad is traditionally presented
Here is the Ogdoad decoded:

Here is how the males look in the mdu ntr (Hieroglypics) – From Essays in Ancient Egyptian Literature, p 58 and 59

This is an ancient code – Take the first letters of each of the Ogdoad names and you get NHKI/ NHKA – Look again it resolves itself to INKH/ANKH.    So, it seems coincidentally we get ANKH. Here the Ankh is written in the long form.

Here we see the most common usage of the Ankh – Here is the Symbol, the N – water ripple and the KH – Placenta?. The N can be pronounced, and the KH is pronounced. The sound of its symbol begins with the A similar the extend arm glyph. This I have to check. At any rate, the ripple water identifies it with possibly water, or wave. The Placenta has obvious meanings of birth. I am currently attempting to find out why the KH symbol is the placenta. It does not look like a Placenta at all. I have found that the KH sound is used in the Mdu Ntr of the placenta so that is why the symbol is referred to as a placenta. Obviously, the Ancient Egyptians knew about the placenta and knew how to draw it – it is found in the Narmer Pallete and the Wepwawet Standard in the Step pyramid. The symbol that is known as the sieve or placenta obviously has a meaning that contributes to the placenta, but may not necessarily be the placenta.

Sekou Fortune who helped me discover the Secret of the Ankh and our new researcher Alfred “Djehuti” Thompson II – Bro. Al, made an amazing contribution while we were at the ASCAC conference in Washington in August. They discarded Gardiner’s and Budge naming of the KH sound as Placenta. They said that it could not be a Placenta for the following reasons: 1) the symbol is in equal parts 2) The people of Kemet knew how to draw a placenta 3) Cosmologically the placenta would have no place in the creation of everything – women and man were not created. 4) They challenged that symbols in relationship to the Ankh have cosmological references and the KH symbol may very well be Matter itself.

Kemetic KH soundThe KH sound also appears in other cosmological or important words and names in Ancient Kemet. These words include Khufu and TKN.  Interesting enough Khufu full name is Khnum-Khufu which means loosely Khnum protects me. This is exciting because Khnum created man on the potters wheel. Khnum means to create. So there is a correlation with what he uses to create with.  We believe this stuff is matter and a component of Life or the ANKH. In addition the KH sound again is used in Khepherra – Khepherra is the Dung Beattle that often symbolizes live as its young mysteriously appears from out of the dung in a flurry of  Life. Bro. Al also commented brilliantly that the divisions of the KH symbol show – equal parts that of course add up to a whole. Thus he references the Ogdoad as equal parts – pairs of four.  I challenged him that the parts don’t always add up to Eight – He said that the point is that they add up to a Whole and that you can find the KH with four pairs but when you don’t they still add up to a whole. We are further investigating because our friends who are in the academy challenge us to look at every occurrence and every categorize and compare. We are not in the academy and only which to expand the field. We will talk more on this later.

Though we have been talking about Kemet/Egypt – Summeria has a God called Enki – who has some similarities with the qualities of the Ankh.  The Summer God Enki is also created in the Primordial Ocean. Further the People Annunaki also seems to derive itself from the work Ankh. It has some of the same root words Nun and Kh. Wikipedia has the name described as written “da-nuna”, “da-nuna-ke4-ne”, or “da-nun-na”, meaning something to the effect of those who from heaven came to earth.  The A-nuna appear in the  Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform) is the Babylonian creation myth (named after its opening words).

The opening tablet has a very similar opening to many of the creation stories of Ancient Egypt. Here is the Enuma Elis creation opening.

e-nu-ma e-liš la na-bu-ú šá-ma-mu When the sky above was not named,
šap-liš am-ma-tum šu-ma la zak-rat And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
ZU.AB-ma reš-tu-ú za-ru-šu-un And the primeval Apsû, who begat them,
mu-um-mu ti-amat mu-al-li-da-at gim-ri-šú-un And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,
A.MEŠ-šú-nu iš-te-niš i-ḫi-qu-ú-ma Their waters were mingled together,
gi-pa-ra la ki-is-su-ru su-sa-a la she-‘u-ú And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
e-nu-ma dingir dingir la šu-pu-u ma-na-ma When of the gods none had been called into being.

At some point I will continue with the Enki but at this time it is not necessary. The Enuma Elis dates to 7th century Bc. At this time more than 5,000 years of known Ancient Egyptian Culture has already passed.

I want now to pose that the Ankh symbol in Mdu Ntr is a Formula for Creation in itself.

the ankhWhat I am saying is that after the Eight Joined or the Ogdoad Joined or the Khemenu joined there was some wave of energy or some sound wave (N) that went as fast as Heh/Hehet or Infinite Distance and Infinite Speed then separated Kek/kekhet – or created light from darkness for the First Time or Sep Tepi.

This expression is no different then the Big Bang Theory and the resulting God Particle or Higgs Boson Particle Theory. Further the wave or sound is also an important component of the God Particle search. What I am saying again is what occurred in Khemenu is closely related to modern Quantum Physics.

Boldly, I am saying that the Ankh in Mdu Ntry Hieroglyphics may be a representative of  some formula like this Ankh = E=mc(2).

I purchased Laird Scranton’s work recently, “Sacred Symbols of the Dogon” – The Key to Advanced Science in the Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs and was stunned to see that he did not cover the Ankh in his work or the Ogdoad. This of course is because his focus was much more on the Dogon and that much of what he said can continuously be taken from that living culture. Also the Ankh is not obviously a common symbol between the two cultures from the evidence at hand. However, Laird’s work opens up the problem solving door – Its the stem cell. He does cover however the N sign and the KH sound.

Though his work is of Great Importance. This search reminded me of the Great Search of breaking the code of the Hieroglyphics. From Wikipedia – Champollion deciphered the hieroglyphs with the help of groundwork laid by his predecessors: Athanasius Kircher, Silvestre de Sacy, Johan David Akerblad, Thomas Young himself, and William John Bankes. Champollion translated parts of the Rosetta Stone in 1822, showing that the Egyptian writing system was a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs.

In breaking the code was a great competition in the European culture where careers were made and lost where the early predecessors basically went into obscurity. This is not the case in this discovery. Laird Scranton’s work make the problem solving faster.

Stunning, both myself and Laird Scranton are Computer Scientists. I received my degree in Comp. Sci from the City University of New York in 1988 taking courses from the famous Daniel D. McCracken, Dr. Micheal Anshel and others. However, my path lead to me to studying Egypt/Kemet under Dr. Leonard Jeffries, and was exposed to the many scholars in the the Association for the Study of Classical African Civilization, and First World Alliance Including: Dr. Yosef Ben Jochannon, Dr. John Henrik Clarke, Dr. Jacob Carruther, Dr. Maulana Karenga, Bro James Small, and Sister Rkhty Amen Jones and others.

If I am indeed right and what Laird Scranton says in his book is right, then I have indeed broken the code of the Ankh- It is the Ogdoad and it is the only symbol that speaks to pre-creation, creation, and the transmission of energy in the after life. I would owe everything to the scholars that I studied under and particularly Dr. Rkhty Amen Jones because she first taught us in New York the Mdu Ntr.

When Ancient Egypt began actually using the Ankh is unknown but we know that it was used before the so called dynastic times. During the reign of the first dynasty Horus Kings – Narmer, Aha, Djet, Den and Merineith, we see startling evidence of the use of the Ankh in this “Pick” comb from Hr-Djet. This artifact is also startling because it is an indication of Ethnic Features and because it is made from Ivory – that would be found in the South. However, for these purposes, the Ankh is clearly what it is.

Both the Goddess Ma’at and the Tehuti/Thoth will often be seen with the Ankh. With the Goddess Maat, you will often see the Ankh resting on her knees while she is sitting. In this dramatic photo – the Goddess Maat is in the hand of the Nwst. When the Goddess Maat is shown or used – she is represented for the qualities or attributes. Those qualities are Order, Justice, Righteousness, Truth. So here the Nwst or King has in his hand the Goddess Maat and what she represents. Maat is holding the Ankh in her hand. A flat analysis of the Ankh meaning life won’t do. The Nwst who is God’s representation on earth is holding Maat, the symbol of order and in this context social justice in her hand. She in turn is holding the Ankh. Taking a multidimensional analysis of the Ankh we see that she is holding the Ankh because it represents pre-creation, creation, and afterlife and that the Chaos Deities Amen/Amenet,Nun/Nunet.Heh/Hehet and Kuh, Kuhket have dominion.

In this photo, we see Tehuti pointing the Ankh at Nwst Seti I. Often times the Ankh is pointed at the mouth during a ritual called “Opening of the Mouth”. Again, in this very symbolic and ritualistic picture – Tehuti is using the power of the Ankh to usher the Nwst Seti I into the after life. A flat look at Tehuti, who himself is Vibration itself bounded by Maat who by using the Ankh is giving “life” will not do. The Eight Chaos Gods embodied as the Ankh have primordial and eternal power. They are the both the primordial elements that ushered in life itself and the primordial elements that facilitate transition when energy is exchanged from one state to another.

The point that I have tried to make is that the 4 pairs of primordial forces or deities resolve themselves into the work Ankh. These primordial deities have a direct relationship to the Attributes of the Goddess Maat and the attributes of the Primordial Diety Tehuti.

The primordial deities were important to the creation story of everything. The general definition or the way that it is used is in the context of life. That the Ankh was in use early in the history of Egypt or Kemet. Finally, that it is conceivable if not immediately plausible that the Ogdoad or the Eight with Maat and Tehuti are the origin of life and the Ankh means life so that there is a direct connection.

This cosmology with the Ogdoad, the Eight becomes startling when you look at the living Dogon Creation Story, Here we find the Eight again during precreation and again we find four pairs of deities.

Part II

Dr. Mario Beatty in his response, alerted me to the fact that the imn and Ankh have two different pronunciations  and that this is problematic in my mapping of the Ogdoad to the Ankh at least phonetically. His point is well taken and I will take this in consideration -see his comments. However, I am attempting to decode the meaning of life and I see the relationship between the Ogdoad and the Ankh harder to separate then it is to connect. The mapping still applies in the context of Cosmology and the mdu ntr as ideographic symbology.

I will simply at this point concede to this linguistic approach, but I will continue on a cosmology approach or an ideo. However, if we don’t pronounce the Amen/Amenet (who is hidden anyway)  and pronounce the NKH – I will proceed.

Qualities of the Ogdoad or Hehu or Infinities or Chaos Gods as they relate to Life

Let’s look at the Ankh again –

the ankhThe Ankh with the understanding about the Ogdoad can be looked at the following ways.

The N and KH symbols  resolving itself to the Ogdoad = ANKH

The N and KH symbols meaning wave and matter symbols = ANKH which is Life

The Ankh representing the Ogdoad and the N and KH symbol = Ogdoad with wave and matter create Atum or Hydrogen.

The Cosmology of Ancient links members of Eight in whole or in part to creation and life. They are necessary to life. In the Cosmological Stories the Prime Creator is born in Nwn, Nwnt. This includes Atun, Ra, Ptah, Aten, Amun. The Eight in whole or combined in Nwn and Nwnt can not be separated from the Ankh, because the formula is as the prime creator is created in  Nwn /Nwnt then and only then does the Ankh appear.

In addition, to begin looking at the qualities of the Eight in whole or part to begin to understand the deeper meanings let’s look again at the Eight as they are drawn.

Let us return to Imn (Amun,Amen,Amon).  In Laird Scranton’s book, The Cosmological Origins of Myth and Symbol he looks at Imn from a symbolic view. On page 85. he says that Imn is  “that which weaves waves into particles from a place hidden from interference.

Partial Inscription from Shabaka Stone – Translation by Dr. Theophile Obenga, African Philosophy.

The Gods who came into existence in Ptah. Ptah who is on the great throne. Ptha-Nun, the father who made Atum. Ptah-Nunet, the mother who gave birth to Atum. Ptah, the Great Elder, the heart of the Ennead who gave birth to the gods, the tongue of the Ennead, who gave birth to the gods.

Partial  Inscription form the Myth of Destruction of Humanity p. 165 African Philosophy by Theophile Obenga.

Together with the the fathers and mothers who were with me when I was still in Nwn, as well as the deity Nwn himself…When it is over. I shal return into Nwn, where I came into exisence.

Partial translation of Hymn to Amon-Ra, God of Thebes, African Philospohy by Theophile Obenga, p. 540.

He who inaugarated existence, Amon, who coame into being in the beginning, none being aware of his emergence! There was no god who came into being before him. There was not other god with him to draw out his forms. There was no mother to give him a name.  There was not father to engender him, claiming: “It is I!” (he is) one who formed his egg himself. Mighty one of Mysterious birth, who created his own beauty, divine god who came into being on his own. All the gods came into being when he gave himself a beginning…. Amon, he who emerged from Nwn, guide to humanity. Another of his forms is the Ogdoad, Primordial gorup which gives birth to promoridal gods who give birth to Ra.

TutAnkhAmun (The Living Image of Amun), called the boy king was born TuTAnkhAtn (The Living Image of Atn). Later, I will challenge the traditional meaning of these names.


The Left Glyph is TutAnkAmun with the South Sign, Heliopolis An, and the Rulership symbol and the right is Neb Khepera Ra (Load of the Creation of Ra).

TutAnkhAmun  was put on the throne after the demise of Akenaten – most likely his father.  During the reign of  the Nwst Akenaten, he  both disbanded the priesthood and replaced the deities Ptah and others with Aten. This period is called the Armana Revolution. I will attempt to cover the Armana revolution in another post – but it was faced paced replacement of the cosmology of Kemet/Egypt.

Among the Artifacts buried with TutAnkhAmun, two of them are startling to my assertion.  The first is the Ankh Mirror box.

Inside the Ankh is TutAnkAmun’s name Neb Khepera Ra. It is a stylized Mdu Ntr. Here we see the Isle of Fire, the Kephera Beatle, the Feathers of time,  the Netjer Ankhs (Cobras), the Shen signs (infinity connected directly to Heh), and finally the three Suns – Orion’s Belt symbolizing Sep Tepi (The First Time).

Why would the Egyptians/Kemetic people put this creation story inside the Ankh? Here the Cosmology Creation is not separable from the Ankh. In addition, the loop of the Ankh is actually serving as a Shenu/cartouche for the Nwst/Kings name.  If the loop of the Ankh is Nun/Nunet as it is represented here  and the King’s name is inside of it – then this is evidence that that the Shenu is possibly Nun/Nunet. There is no doubt that the Shenu is connected to the Ogdoad Heh/Hehet. At any rate, the Ankh and the Shenu have similiar properties. They both have loops and they both have ropes and in at least one case the NebKhepreRa King’s name was in the Ankh. In addition, the famous Ankh Mirror of Amen Tut Ankh is significant because though the mirror has never been found, the mirror portion would represent Nun/Nunet or the primordial waters.

Before I leave the Ankh Tut Amun, I want to also show his wife Amun Ankh Ese – known to most of us as AnkhesAmun. Here are both their Glyphs together.

Here we see the Nwst AmunAnkhTut and his Wife AmunAnkhese both Husband and Wife were connected to the Ankh and connected to Amun representing an aspect of the Ogdoad.  So this is primary evidence of the Ancients making a point of the Ankh and Amun in a Marriage.

Here is Further Stunning Evidence. Here is the Tyet Symbol.

You will see the name Neb Kephera Ra inside of the Loop of the Ankh, You will see the Ankh serving as Shenu to hold the Kings name. Again Neb Khephera Ra is lord of the Creation of Ra and this happens within Nun/Nunet – This symbol is also incredible because it has the Ankh in the figure of a Human and will be later associated with Aset. This symbol like the Ankh has predynastic Egypt origins.

Also stunning.

This one again has Neb Kephera Ra, but it also has Eight circles, and then nine fishes. Of the Eight Circles have an inner circle and they repeat circle (inner circle), normal circle as if frog and snake for the 4 pairs. In addition there are nine objects – which I believe represents the Ennead. Interesting that the four which are fishes, I can map to Tefnut, Nut, Neb Het, and Ast. and the five eggs I could map to Set, Asr, Geb, Shu, Atum. In addition, there is the Ankh, Shen and the Ntjer Ankh. The shen of course is closely associated with the ogdoad Heh.

Also  is the Ennead. Notice Five of them are Males and Four of them are female. Now return to the TutAnkhamun amulet there are four fishes and five eggs.

With the following in mind: 1) Amen/Amenet,Nun/Nunuet,Khu/Khukhet,Heh/Hehet – ANKH or NKH 2) The stylized creation story Neb Khephera Ra in the Ankh 3) The amulet with Neb Khephera Ra and the eight circles and the nine objects underneath – we turn again to the Nwst Tut Ankh Amun – clearly his name itself has a direct connection to one of the Ogdoad Amun. Further, we are not actually pronouncing the Kings Name correctly at all. Many Egyptologist confirm that the name would really be Amen Tut Ankh because precedence was given to the Diety name First – which would make sense. Now saying that we may have his name as  Amun the living image of Ankh. This is a game changer.

Here with this Nwst/King Tut Ankh Amun is is difficult to separate the ogdoad/eight from him. Further with all of this in mind and challenging the definition of the Ankh, we may see the Nwst now as not just the Living Image of Amun  or the Amun the living face of Ankh- We may see him as Amun of the Combining of the Eight or Amun of the Ogdoad, Amun of the Eight Primordial Neters, Amun the Creator or as Professor James Small has put it so eloquently, God having a Human Experience. We can even use the Elijah Muhammad concept as God in the person. At any rate, we have a richer and more profound definition of this Glyph. The Glyph of Tut Ankh Amun is now combined with the cosmology and philosophy of Ancient Egypt.

We see this interesting combination again with another restorer of Amun. The Nwst Pianky.
secret of the Ankh

Here we see again as with Tut Ankh Amun – part of his name Pi Ankh ii referencing the ankh and the other part referencing the creation story with Khepera – mn khephera ra

The Ancient Egyptians/People of Kemet/Ta Merii expressed their thoughts in writing and language in the Mdu Ntr which is both secular and spiritual and also in symbolic drawings  and Jewelry.

Where the language rules may at first make my case less plausible if only for the Amn sound in attempting to code the Ogdoad directly into the sound of the Ankh, the Ogdoad in relationship to Egyptian cosmology is inseperable in the sacred text, art and jewelry.

At the center of Egyptian Character is Good Speech. Speech itself is an attribute of Tehuti. Good Speech is an attribute of Maat and Tehuti. When the Egyptians speak they are speaking multiple concepts at the same time and often in multiple layers. The Egyptian Speech is carried to their culture, their science,  their politics, their values, interest and principles.

The Egyptian Speech in all of its vehicles is so complex  that it is plausible that you can code complex ideas and even a secret language in their writing.

So with the amulet- You cannot separate the Ogdoad from this piece of jewelry and given the fact that this was the restorer King, TutAnkhAmun born TutAnkhAten- we add what was he restoring. He was restoring the cosmologies of old that Aten attempted to dismantle and replace. What were those cosmologies. Which of them were the oldest? What was the history of the cosmologies. What cosmologies were simplified, expanded, merged. By the time we get to the 18th Dynasty  Egypt was at least three thousand years old. And did Egypt start its civilization or did the plan of Egypt come from a place south to it. A place like Nabta Playa.

Why did the Priest put this stylized creation story in the loop of the Ankh?

In the Memphite Cosmology Ptah rises from Nun/Nunet. He has the Ogdoad in his mouth and creates the Ennead. Ptah is almost inseparable from the Ankh or is he inseperable from the Ogdoad.

The power of ideographics is that you don’t have to speak, you just have to analyze. Symbols are a complex language in itself and these are not the only symbols that make the nkh/Ogdoad connect not only conceivable, not only plausible but the truth.

Are we taking about the Big Bang in the Ankh, the first time “Sp Tpii” , are we talking about the evolution of life on earth – We know one thing both these concepts are happening within the Ankh and we know that it is happening in the Loop and we know that the creation story that they are talking about happened in the waters of Nun.

From South Africa

New Findings from Southern Africa: The following is from the Book Temples of the African Gods by Michael Tellinger and Johane Heine

This is what they say about this diagram: An Egyptian Ankh carved into a glacier slab at Dreikopseiland, South Africa. This petroglyph is worth a thousand words since the Ankh is inside a radiating circle; suggesting that the Lord of Light has the key to eternal life. It also suggests that the secret lies in the frequency of light or is linked to some kind of vibrational energy that combines sound and light. This knowledge would be consistent with the circular ruins of southern Africa that were used to generate energy by using sound and possibly also light. This understanding of the flow of energy in sound and light was rediscovered by Keely, Tesla and Rife in the late 20th century

Normally symbols are very difficult to decipher especially when not in context but this symbol Ankh is within some matter/anti-matter storm – and the Egyptian Definition or descriptions of the Ogdoad – describe elements that would be in this type of storm and out of the result and because of the result is Life or Ankh.

The Ankh has ultimately survived Kemet/Egypt. I will summarize this by saying that the Ankh will appear in Old Nubia – Dongola

Then the Ankh will appear in Christian Ethiopia in several forms. The first form you will see instead of the Ren/Name in the Loop of the Ankh, Faces. Most notably, Christ and His Mother. Then you will see the Coptic Cross

Then the Apostles faces will be in Nun

The Ethiopian Coptics will remake the Ankh

Here I want to include a very important recent finding after I have reread The Ethiopian Book of Life – The Bandlet of Rightousness. by Sir. E.A. Wallis Budge.

From x11 – in the footnote – In Codex A, p.54 is given a drawing of the Seal of Solomon. In the centre is what seems to be a gem emitting eight rays of light, and between double concentric circles are written the names HLYPT SLYT SPILT TR(?)YKT PP MRYT HLPT A(?)YLPT. Outside the cirles are the names DPP$ BRWLHT HKIKT TRKLT PPT PRISHT ALILT PPASHNT SHRI’T PLISHT. The text continues “These names shall be supporters, and protectors and deliverers and protectors against all diseases and sicknesses now; also before Kings and Governors, etc.

On p. xiii – Drawings of the Seal of Solomon are found in many Ethiopic amulets, and they are claimed to be copies of the device which was engraved on the bezel of Solomon’s ring. A prominent feature in all these drawings is a modified form of the Coptic Cross, whcih of course, proclaimes their non-Hebrew origin. Worked into the designs are two, four, or eight eyes, which indicate that the Seal was specially intended to protect the wearers of the amulets from the Evil Eye and from the attacks of fiends and the Devil.

Here is the powers of the primordial eight pairs surviving and being recoded into the Coptics.

I will put the secret of secrets here because only you are probably to weary to read and make the corrolation

coptic cross ankh

The Qabbalist will use the Ankh

The Knight Templars will use the Ankh

And latter the Rosicrucians will take as their symbol the Rose Cross


As we speak, Scientist have just trapped Matter and Anti Matter or captured Nun and Nunet. Until 2010, Matter and Anti-Matter could not exist – when the two come together there is a violent explosion. See – Scientist Capture antimatter atoms in particle breakthrough. From the Article –

CNN) — Scientists have captured antimatter atoms for the first time, a breakthrough that could eventually help us to understand the nature and origins of the universe. Researchers at CERN, the Geneva-based particle physics laboratory, have managed to confine single antihydrogen atoms in a magnetic trap.

This will allow them to conduct a more detailed study of antihydrogen, which will in turn allow scientists to compare matter and antimatter. Understanding antimatter is one of the biggest challenges facing science — most theoretical physicists and cosmologists believe that at the Big Bang, when the universe was created, matter and antimatter were produced in equal amounts. However, as our world is made up of matter, antimatter seems to have disappeared.

Understanding antimatter could shed light on why almost everything in the known universe consists of matter. Antimatter has been very difficult to handle because matter and antimatter don’t get on, destroying each other instantly on contact in a violent flash of energy.

I want to give Credit to Bro. Sekou Fortune and Bro. Anthony Jordan, who helped decode the Ankh as well as my Mentors Dr. Leonard Jeffries, and Bro. James Small and the organizations and institutions that provided me an environment to understand Africa. These include: The First World Alliance, ASCAC, Department of Africana Studies at City College, The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.

To be continued.

Before I leave, I want to double back on a few things that I had said in summary but I want to draw a major important part out.  In Kemet there were several cosmologies and some of them were older than others. The Khemnu Cosmology where I draw my theory about the Secret Origins of Life or the Symbol Ankh is mentioned in several other cosmological text.

I had mentioned both an Amon Text and the Shabaka Text.  The Amon Text is actually the Hym toAmon-Ra – it is found in the Leyden Museum, translated by andre Barucq and Francois Daumas as told by Theophile Obenga in his great work African Philosophy, The Pharaonic Period: 2780-330 B.C. – The other text found on what is called the Shabaka Stone which is an old kingdom text restored by Nwst Shabaka in 710 B.C. in the 25th dynasty found in the British Museum

Both of these text while they describe the birth of the creator by other names such as Amon and Ptah – they include the early cosmology of the Khemnu in Part.  This is an essential point about the cosmology of Khemnu is that its profound teachings on the pre-state of life ushering in life amazed even the People of the Nile so that the story of creation had to be embedded in other stories for validity.

I have found that most of our scholars have missed this important point and have left their work flat and not pregnant as with the story of life springing forward as it does from the Khepera Beetle.

So I believe my work ushers in a new era of relooking at the Secrets of Ancient Kemet or Egypt.

I just recently found this article by Renata Tatomir which is extremely helpful to your understanding:

This is also an important reading

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Egyptian Cosmology in Short

Most people who study Ancient Egypt or those involved in the Kemetic Faith or Spirituality, actually do not know the cosmologies. The cosmologies are probably the most important aspect of understanding Ancient Egypt/Kemet.

Kemetic Cosmology comes from an older and more ancient place. We have recently found that Nabta Playa in Nubia is much older than Egypt (6,000 bc)  and the Megaliths there are a precursor to the Giza Plateau.  Recently, we have seen that the Megaliths in Southern Africa are up to 100,000 years old and important to these Megaliths that act as a calender are ancient Horus carvings. See Micheal Tellinger’s Book – Temples of the African Gods.

Often overlooked in Egypt/Khemet is the God Khnemu. Khnemu is actually the earliest God of Kemet – Pharoah Khufu named himself after him – he was actually Khufu Khemenu. After him – his Sons replaced their names with Ra.

Here is a section from The Legend of the Destruction of Mankind

Then the Aged One himself (i.e., Ra) embraced (?) the god Nu, and spake unto the gods who came forth in the east of the sky, “Ascribe ye praise to the god, the Aged One, from whom I have come into being. I am he who made the heavens, and I (set in order [the earth, and created the gods, and] I was with them for an exceedingly long period; ‘then was born the year and ………. but my soul is older than it (i.e., time). It is the Soul of Shu, it is the Soul of Khnemu (?), it is the Soul of Heh, it is the Soul of Kek and Kerh (i.e., Night and Darkness), it is the Soul of Nu and of Ra, it is the Soul of Osiris, the lord of Tettu, it is the Soul of the Sebak Crocodile-gods and of the Crocodiles, it is the Soul of every god [who dwelleth] in the divine Snakes, it is the Soul of Apep in Mount Bakhau (i.e., the Mount of Sunrise), and it is the Soul of Ra which pervadeth the whole world.”

Khnemu appears earlier in the Famine Text in the Third Dynasty – when Kemet is Plagued by Famine and Imhotep guides Djoser to pay attention to Khnemu. See Famine Text.

At some point Khnemu is replaced with Ra – However, the cosmology is basically the same.

I wanted to include the following blurb from a blog because it interesting and requires further research:

Of the Egyptian triad of primal creative deities (PtahTanen, Khnum and Herchef) the god Khnum comes closest to the Hebrew picture of the primal deity as creative artist. Khnum is a ram-headed god whose cult originated in Elephantine. He was like YHWH, a potter in creation who shaped men like a potter shapes with clay upon a wheel (the Hebrew picture of YHWH ‘loyim as primal potter is shown in Jeremiah 18:2-4). In Memphite theology Ptah, in his association with Khnum, is a dwarf spirit chief of the nine creative cosmic spirits collectively referred to as Khnum (“the potters”). The nine Khnum spirits are represented in statuettes with muscular bodies, bowed legs, long arms and big heads.

According to Memphite theology Ptah, assisted by the Khnum spirits, shaped the world and men like a potter shapes clay on wheel, thus, the dwarfs are often represented as earthenware elves. In the association of Khnum spirit with clay or earth, as medium of their creative expression, they are; often represented as dwelling underground, like artisans in subterranean workshops bring things to life from earthenware material; in the “womb of the earth.” The idea of subterranean workshop of creative dwarf spirits taken to be “primal potters” is widespread. The Chinese worshiped Pan Ku, Phoenician sailors revered dwarf statuettes. Creative dwarf spirits were associated with Tvashtar the “Modeller,” in the Rig-Veda hymns. “Black dwarfs” are identified as creative spirits in Teutonic mythology.
The highest conception of Ptah the Primal Modeller in Egyptian theology was rather abstract. He was (as already mentioned) the embodiment of the Cosmic Ego and omnipresent demiurgic spirit, creator of all things. All things took shape or emerged from his creative mind.
The writer JohnThomas Didymus is the author of “Confessions of God: The Gospel According to St. JohnThomas Didymus.”( ). If you have found this article interesting please read the article:CREATOR GOD AS SMITH-ARTIFICER: PROMETHEUS AS MESSIAH-SAVIOR FIGURE on his blog:

Not surprising you find here – Khnum modelling men with the assistance of his wife Anquet holding an Ankh.

It is apparent that Khnum and his eight never leave Egyptian Cosmology and Khnum never leaves Nubia. Key to this is creation and what assist in creation. Khnum has eight helpers called the Khnumu. Latter in the Shabaka Stone – Ptah will have eight helpers again. Here is Kemetic Cosmology references in short:

The cosmology of Khmun or Hermopolis is one of the oldest cosmologies. At this point though Khnum and Khmun look closely similiar – one reflects the creative nubian deity and the other reflects a place – The City of Eight. However – The Hieroglyphic for the Khnum is a Jar to hold water or Nun  and the City of Eight also contains this Jar.

There are several cosmology themes but existing with variations of weather one, several or different combinations of the the following primordial dieties Amen/Amenet, Nun/Nunet, Kuk/Kukhet, Heh/Hehet. Tuhuti was called their father is some text and Maat their mother in another text. In this cosmology some event explosion took place that caused the combining of the eight

References are the “lake of two knives”, “island of flames”.

The cosmology of Khmun then combines with the cosmology of Yonew, Helipolis or On. In this cosmology precreation is not explicityl stated but Atum is created in some event with Nun and steps on the primieval hill and begins creation.

The next cosmology is that of Menefer/memphite/Hikuptah Cosmology. Here Ptah takes the role of Atun and embodies in his mouth the Eight and creates the Ennead. From the Shabaka Stone – which is a later rewriting of the Memphite Coslomogy – Ptah (c. 700 BC) he is altogether identified as eightprimitive forms of God; the first is ‘Ptah who is upon the great (i.e. primeval) place’, meaning the original spirit. Then Ptah-Niu – the waters ‘who was the father of Atum’, next is Ptah-Naunet – ‘the Primeval Mother who gave birth to Atum. Then ‘Ptah the very great one who is the heart and tongue of the Divine Compay’. Unfortunately several of the names have been lost to us, except Nefertum, the lotus. source:

From the Middle Kingdom Amen Hotep III begins the worship of Amun Re His Son Amen Hotep IV begins the worship of Aten Re combining older dieties into Aten. He takes this one step further by defacing the names of the other dieties.

Amen Tut Ankh (Tut Ankh Amun) restores the old religion Horemhab begins the persecution of the Aten priesthood

Amun Ra becomes the popular Dietity of the working people in Waset/Thebes. Amun is “that beloved God who hearkens to humble entreaties, who stretches forth his hand to the  humble, who saves the weak”, “who hears prayer, conies at the  voice of the distressed humble one, who gives breath to him that is  wretched”, and Re-Harakhte is called “august, beloved, merciful  God who hears him that prays, who hears the humble entreaties  of him that calls upon him, who comes at the voice of him that  utters his name.”

Amun Ra has 777 ears and milions of Eyes. He becomes the hidden one that we pray and hears our prayers and appears when we need him.

The Shabaka stone contains aspects of  all of the Cosmologies.  I asked Kemetic Professor  Mfundishi Jhutyms about the problems of the different strains of cosmology and he has an excellent metaphor that described helps. Basically, if a car runs in back of a bus – and there are three witnesses. Each witness will tell his story from his vantage point. But the fact is that the car hit the bus. So there is at least one agreement. Here life comes out of Nun/Nunet. I have earlier talked about Ptah and the Eight.

From other sources on cosmology

J. Hill’s website-

There are four central creation myths. The first held that the world was born from a cosmic egg created by the gods of the Ogdoad. It was invisible as the sun had not yet been born. When it opened, it revealed the “bird of light”, an aspect of the sun god Re (occasionally the egg was said to contain air, associated with Amun and Amaunet). Alternatively, the egg was laid by a celestial goose called the Gengen Wer (the primeval goose who was associated with Amun who took this form as a creator god). When Re hatched from the egg, he created the world and everything in it. The second version says that the egg was laid by an ibis, (a bird sacred to Thoth). However, the cult of Thoth developed after the original myth of the Ogdoad, so it is probable that this story was an attempt to incorporate Thoth into the pre-existing Ogdoad (who were sometimes known as “the souls of Thoth”).

The third myth states that a lotus flower emerged from the waters of “the Sea of the Two Knives” (a lake near to the temple in Hermopolis). The petals opened to reveal Re who then created the world. The fourth myth is similar, except it held that a scarab beetle (Khepri – the symbol of the rising sun) was revealed when the petals opened. The scarab transformed into a young boy whose tears formed the first human beings. The boy is generally considered to be Nefertum (“young Atum“) but once Re and Horus had been merged as Re-Horakhty the boy was sometimes considered to be the infant Horus.

The Hermopolitans claimed that their theory of creation was older than any other in Egypt and that it was the Ogdoad who gave birth to both the sun and Atum . It is also interesting to note the similarity between the Ogdoad and the description of the creation of the world found in the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Old Testament).

copyright J Hill 2010


The Egyptian Gods and the Natural Elements
According to the Hermopolitan view the eight primordial deities existed in four pairs of male and female, each associated with a specific aspect or element of the pre-creation: Nun (or Nu) and Naunet (water); Heh and Hauhet, Infinity; Kek and Kauket; Darkness; Amun and Amaunet, Hiddenness. These original ‘elements’ were believed to be inert yet to contain the potential for creation. James Hoffmeier has shown that interesting similarities exist between these elements and the conditions list immediately prior to the creation account in the biblical book of Genesis. In Egypt, however, the members of the Ogdoad were regarded as distinct divine entities and their names were grammatically masculine and feminine to reflect the equatin creation with sexual union and birth. They were called the “fathers” and “mothers” of the sun god, since this deity was the focal point of ongoing creation in the Hermopolitan world view – as he was elsewhere.

Just as the beginning of the annual season of growth has marked in Egypt by the Nile’s receding imundation and emergence of high points of land from the falling river, so the Egyptians viewed the original creation event as occurring when the primordial mound of earth (see Tatenen) rose from the waters of the First Time. It was said that a lotus blossom (see Nefertem) then rose from the waters or from the same primeval mound; and it was from this flower that the young sun god emerged bringing light into the cosmos, and with it the beginning time and all further creation.

The Power of the Sun God; The Heliopolitan View of the Egyptian Gods
Heliopolis, the chief center of solar worship, produced a somewhat different mythic system built around the so-called ennead or “group of nine” deities which consisted of the sun god and eight of his descendants. The Heliopolitan theologians naturally stressed the role of the sun god in their creation stories which focus, as a result, not so much on the intert aspects of preexistence but on the dynamic aspects of the resultant creation itself. The form of the sun god usually associated with this creation was Atum, who was sometimes said to have existed within the primeval waters “in his egg” as a way of explaining the origin of the god. At the moment of creation Atum was said to have been born out of the primordial flood as “he who came into being himself”, thus becoming the source of all further creation. The god next produced two children, Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture), from himself. Several versions of the story exist, but in all of them Atum’s children are produced through the exhalation of the god’s body fluids or mucus – either through the metaphor of masturbation, spitting or sneezing.

In return, this first pair produced their own children, Geb (earth) and Nut (Sky), who took their respective places below and above their parents, giving the creation its full spatial extent. Geb and Nut then produced the deities Osiris and Isis, Seth and Nephthys who viewed from one perspective represented the fertile land of Egypt and the surrounding desert, so that the key elements of the Egyptian universe were completed at this time. Frequently the god Horus, son and heir of Osiris and the deity most closely associated with kingship, was added to this group, thus supplying the link between the physical creation and societal structures. All these aspects, however, were viewed as simply extensions of the original coming into being of the sun god who lay at the heart of this world view and who was thus ‘the father of all’ and ‘ruler of the gods’.

While the scholars of Heliopolis focused mainly on the emergence and development of the sun god, Atum, the priests of nearby Memphis looked at creation from the perspective of their own god Ptah. As the god of metalworkers, craftsmen and architects it was natural that Ptah was viewed as the great craftsman who made all things. But there was also another, much deeper, link between Ptah the creation of the world which set the Memphite view of creation apart. The so-called Memphite Theology which is preserved on the Shabaka Stonein the Egyptian collection of the British Musem reveals this important aspect of the Memphite theological system. While the inscription dates to the 25th dynasty it was copied from a much earlier source, apparently of the early 19th dynasty, though its principles may have dated to even earlier times. The text alludes to the Heliopolitan creation account centred on the god Atum, but goes on to claim that the Memphite god Ptah preceded the sun god and that it was Ptah who created Atum and ultimately the other Egyptian gods and all else ‘through his heart and through his tongue’. The expression alludes to the conscious planning of creation and its execution through rational thought and speech, and this story of creation ex nihilo as attributed to Ptah by the priests of Memphis is the earliest known example of the so-called ‘logos’ doctrine in which the world is formed through a god’s creative speech. As such it was one of the most intellectual creation myth to arise in Egypt and in the ancient world as a whole.

Like Atum, however, Ptah was also viewed as combining male and female elements within himself. This is seen in early texts, and in the latest period of Egyptian history the name of the god was written acrophonically as pet-ta-heh or p(et)+t(a)+h(eh) as though he were supporting the sky (pet) above the earth (ta) in the manner of the Heh deities, but also bridging and combining the female element of the sky and the male element of the earth in the anarogynous manner of the primordial male-female duality Ptah-Naunet.

Egyptian Gods in Mythic Variants
As much as these three systems of comsogony and theogony differ in their details and in the stress placed upon differing deities by their own cults, it is clear that they all share a similar approach to creation. Although the differing approaches were apparently never combined into one unified myth, stories existed for many of the individual myths which fitted into the same overall ramework. In the stories stressing the solar origin of creation, for example, we find variants which proclaimed that the sun god came into being as a hawk or falcon, or as a sphoenix, in the form of a child, a scarab bettle, or some other creatures, but these all originated from the primeval waters or from the mound which rose from them. There are also variants of the manner in which the monad (the prime, indivisible entity) is said to have produced the rest of creation – a Middle Kingdom text found on coffins at el-Bersheh states of the ‘All-lord’: ‘I brought into being the gods from my sweat, and men are the tears of my eye’; but these do not differ radically from those of Heliopolis considered above. To some extent all these stories appear as kaleidoscopic variations of core mythic elements, and may indicate an effort on the part of the Egyptian theologians to incorporate deities which had arisen in different parts of Egypt, or at different times, into existing mythic frameworks. It is often the nature of the creator deities and the basis of their power which is at issue in the varying stories of the origin and rule of the Egyptian gods.

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TutAnkhAmun, PiAnkhy and Shabaka the Restorers

TutAnkhAmun, Pianky and Shabaka are Restoration Kings and their names or what they did expand the definition of the Ankh as it relates to the Ogdoad. I will continuously expand on this subject as time permits.

First we look at the style and format of Tut Ankh Amun and Pi Ankh y

TutAnkhAmun – Neb Khephera Ra

secret of the Ankh

The styles are very similar – Both have the Ankh in the middle, and both have Khephera Ra – The combined names all speak of creation with Khepera, both Kings are restorers of egypt/kemet – both kings worship Amun. Amun is an Ogdoad. So the Ogdoad is in this formulation and so is the Ankh, and so is creation.

Shabaka is important because he is also a restorer and comes after Piankhy/Men Khephera Ra and he does something startling. He commits the stone, the Memphite Theology – and he has Ptah as Ptah-Nun and Ptah Nunet, thus fusing Ptah with the Ogdoad.

To be continued

More later.

Coming soon. Read the Second Door Opened post until update

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Laird Scranton’s Comments


He was kind enough to review this website. Here are his comments.
I’ve reviewed the information presented at the website and will try to summarize my thoughts and reactions to it.
First, in my own studies I have opted not to address the Egyptian ankh as a common symbol of the Dogon and Egyptian cosmologies because I do not see the most likely Dogon correlate (see the diagram of “Amma’s messenger” on p.154 of The Pale Fox) as directly paralleling either the Egyptian Ankh figure, its traditional meaning, its traditional pronunciation, or its precise traditional interpreted meanings.  Rather, the  Dogon drawing is a figure that Griaule and Dieterlen describe as a picture of “Amma in his totality”, representing the two “placentas” of Amma – one complete and one incomplete -in reflection of one another.   I have already written extensively about likely correlations between a second “picture of Amma” – the Dogon egg-in-a-ball – and the eight Dogon ancestors, who I correlate to the eight Ennead or Ogdoad deities, and so feel that it is likely that comparable symbolism could be applied to this figure and therefore – if the Dogon figure could be firmly linked in other ways – also to the Egyptian Ankh.
I think that the website offers a wealth of evidential references, along with proposed relationships that are well reasoned, and some of which seem quite sensible to me within the context of the cosmology as I know it.
My own rule of comparative cosmology, which I impose as a way of insulating myself against wishful or coincidental interpretations, requires that an interpretation begin with a clear statement on the part of the culture being studied. What is lacking in the website references, in my view, are clear statements on the part of the Dogon or the ancient Egyptians that would unequivocally demonstrate that either or both groups, in actual practice, viewed the Ankh symbol in the ways outlined.
– Laird
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Dr. Mario Beatty’s Comments

Dr Mario Beatty is Chair, Associate Professor of African-American Studies of Chicago State University. He is an authority of Ancient Kemet/Egypt and was kind enough to give the following comments.
Hotep Brother Reggie,
It’s wonderful to see Africans thinking deeply in this way about our cultural heritage. Thank you for the opportunity to respond to your theory. I will respond here in narrative form and I can provide more descriptive commentary in follow-up correspondence. First, I think it is important to clearly distinguish the two major assertions and lines of argument in your theory. One, the ANKH speaks to pre-creation, creation, and the afterlife. Two, the ANKH functions as a kind of mnemonic device to represent in abbreviated form the initial letters of the Ogdoad. I agree with your initial assertion that ANKH as life speaks to pre-creation, creation, and the afterlife. For the Ancient Egyptians, they are all simply phases or transitions of “life.” However, there are fundametal problems with the second assertion. First, the transcription of   imn into English as “Amun” is based upon an assessment of Greek pronunciation of Egyptian words during the Ptolemaic period. Since this point is so critical to your argument, you can not overlook that the Ancient Egyptian pronuncation of imn is emun (pronounce e as in beat). Moreover, the Egyptian language already has two “a” sounds: the Egyptian vulture and the extended arm. The “a” sound that begins the word ANKH is the extended arm. Of course, the initial glyph in imn is the flowering reed. Thus, from the Ancient Egyptian perspective, the word ANKH and the word Amun, although they provide the false appearance that they begin with the same sound due to how they are transcribed into English, begin with two completely different sounds. Hence, your assertion can only begin with an inaccurate premise: that the “a” in Amun is essentially the same as the “a” in the word ANKH. Second, I do not think it is accurate nor necessary to symbolically map the Ogdoad onto the ANKH symbol to prove your core thesis. Your thesis seeks to investigate more deeply what the Ancient Egyptians meant by “life.” And this is an ambitious and worthwhile project and you should consult all of the spiritual literature, wisdom texts, prayers, hymns, artistic represtentations, etc. to demonstrate the depth of the African worldview in conceptualizing “life” that clearly transcends are more limited undertandings in the West. I agree that the Ancient Egyptian conception of “life” has both a scientific and spiritual aspect and this assertion will certainly be made stronger in the process of consulting more texts. You have the makings of a great research topic here and I look forward to reading your future work.
In Maat,
Mario Beatty
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The Second Door is Opened

I will call the pathways opened by exploring the Secret of the Ankh, Doors. Later we will explore how Ani is tested in the Net as he enters doors.

Dr. George G.M. James, the Author of the Stolen Legacy is one of the most important books for the African Reader. The book is often read wrong. Sure, its good to know how and what the Greeks and Western Civilization borrowed from Africa. However this is not at all the point of the Book. The Book has a Deeper Meaning and is connected directly to the Secret of the Ankh. Here are the 10 Virtues from the Stolen Legacy. It is also part of ASCAC’s value. It was signed in honor of my Professor, Vivian Edward D. Scobie and is part of the ASCAC Study Group Guide which I participated in developing:


1. Control of Thought

2. Control of Action

3. Steadfastness

4. Identify with Higher Ideals

5. Evidence of a Mission

6. Evidence of a Call to Spiritual Order

7. Freedom from Resentment.

8. Confidence in the Power of the Master (Teacher).

9. Confidence in One’s Own Learning Abilities.

10. Preparedness for Initiation

I have searched the Ancient Text of Ancient Egypt and have found the 10 Virtues listed together in no place. However, I have found these 10 Virtues exist in every text written.

These 10 Virtues  in what humans do are much like the Khemnu/Ogdoad/Eight/Ankh – they exist at all times, yet are hidden unless needed to be explained. They are like cells in your body, not needed to be talked about unless you are ill. When humans are ill, then their virutes have to be looked at.

It seemed that people of the Nile Valley lived them and it was incorporated in everything that they did. I have found that the Greek Mystery System as Dr. George G.M. James described in the Stolen Legacy did use the 10 Virtues. There clarion call was γνῶθι σεαυτόν gnōthi seauton – Know Thyself. Also the exploration of virtues are explored in Hermetism crafts. This does not concern us, because Nile Valley Text is the origin of all of this.

The 10 Virtues is included in the creation story and thus exist in the Secret of the Ankh. In the Secret of the Ankh Video, the Memphite Theology of Shabaka was described. In the Shabaka Stone – Ptah as the creator is Ptah-Nun and Ptah-Nunet.

Read this part of the creation story and see which of these virtues exisited.

Sight, hearing, breathing – they report to the heart, and it makes every understanding come forth. As to the tongue, it repeats what the heart has devised. Thus all the gods were born and his Ennead was completed. For every word of the god came about through what the heart devised and the tongue commanded.

Thus all the faculties were made and all the qualities determined, they that make all foods and all provisions, through this word, to him who does what is loved, to him who does what is hated. Thus life is given to the peaceful and death is given to the criminal. Thus all labor, all crafts are made, the action of the hands, the motion of the legs, the movements of all the limbs, according to this command which is devised by the heart and comes forth on the tongue and creates the performance of every thing.
M. Lichtheim: Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.1, pp.51-55.

The Creation Story and thus the Secret of the Ankh is both scientific and spiritual. Here we see the God Ptah being born and giving birth to others in the Shabaka Stone and we find later in the text that Man/Women must master what the creative deity Ptah mastered.

So Master the Secret of the Ankh and then Memorize and begin to Master the 10 Virtues.

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Three Nile Valley Scholars speak on Orientation

I have selected these three Scholars to speak on Orientation so that you can understand the Secret of the Ankh better. All three speak of Paradigms in which I will discuss letter.

From Dr. Jacob Carruthers, Chapter I of Essays in Ancient Egyptian Studies:

But to arrive at the proper estimation of the cultural values of any society, it is necessary to grasp first the philosophy or rather the metaphysical attitude which underlies these values. History and archeaology show that there has been in Africa a Civilization which extended from Egypt to Angola, from Timbuctu to Zimbabwe. This Civilization consisted of a complex of cultres which in their structure showed a marvelous formal and thematic uniformity to be observed in their literature and mythologies.

Mongameli Mabona’s statement presents the basic challenge which is confronted by those who are attempting to redeem Ancient Egypt as a vital part of the heritage of African people. The grasping of this “philosoply or metaphysical attitude” may well be the final phase in reestablishing “Egypt as an interal part of the Black Past”.  We certinly have a great start in this direction because starting in the first half of the 19th Century the great minds of the African Race have constantly kept alive this endeavor. Hosea Easton, Henry Highland Garnett, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmont Blyden, Bishop Henry McNeal Turner abmong others were men who carried the torch that guided us along this path.

In the 20th Century, Marcus Garvey, Willis Huggins, John Jackson, Chancellor Williams, John Henrik Clarke, Yosef ben Jochanan, Theo Obenga and Cheikh Anta Diop among others have continued this tradition in such a fashion that we can now begin to approach the challenge as a community of scholars rather than as lone pioneers. Such a collective enterprise is now necessary if we are to redeem Africa.

Dr. Maulana Karenga, Introduction to Essays in Ancient Egyptian Studies:

I have argued since the 60’s and still contend that the key crisis in Black life is the cultural crisis, i.e., the view and value crisis. It is a crisis which reflects itself in a deficient view of self, society and the world and in values or categores of commitment and priorities which diminish our human possiblities. Liberation as a human possiblity must express itself as both an intellectual and social situation and practice. But cultural or intellectual liberation precedes and makes possible social liberation. In a word, until we break the monopoly the oppressor has on our minds, liberation is not only impossible, it’s unthinkable. For one is not likely to achieve what one cannot even conceive.

Sensing and accepting the turth of this, Dr. Carruthers, like those scholars who preceeded him, John. H. Clarke, Yosef ben Jochannan, John G. Jackson,  Chancellor Williams, and others, have decided to initiate and sustain an intellectual offensive. Such an intellectual offensive has two dimension. First, it challenges the existing order by merciless criticism which punctures its illusions, demystifies its sacred contentions and reveals the Euro-centric character of its claims to universality. Secondly its poses an alternative paradigm based on my solid grounds.

Dr. George G.M. James from the Stolen Legacy

This New Philosophy of Redemption consists of a simple proposition as follows: ‘The Greeks were not the authors of Greek philosophy, but the Black people of North Africa, The Egyptians.’ Now, in order to explain the value of this proposition, three questions must be asked and answered.
(a) As a simple proposition, what is its significance?
Its significance lies in the fact that it is a statement of an important truth, which is the exposure of Greek dishonesty.
(b) Why is this proposition called a philosophy?
A philosophy is an accepted belief, and this proposition is a philosophy because it is offered as a belief, worthy of acceptance.
(c) What is a philosophy of redemption?
A philosophy of redemption is not merely an accepted belief; but a belief that is also lived in order to enjoy the benefits of its teaching. This proposition will become a philosophy of redemption to all Black people, when they accept it as a belief and live up to it. This brings us to our final question and that is, how to live up to this philosophy of redemption? In other words, how shall the Black people work out their own salvation? From the outset my readers and co-workers in the solution of a common problem, must be reminded that our philosophy of redemption is a psychological process, involving a change in belief or mentality to be followed by a corresponding change in behaviour. It really signifies a mental emancipation, in which the Black people will be liberated from the chain of traditional falsehood, which for centuries has incarcerated them in the prison of inferiority complex and
world humiliation and insult. This mental emancipation or redemption, it must be remembered, has two functions. It is general, when, on the one hand, the phenomenon of our unwholesome race relations is regarded as a general problem needing a general emancipation of both races in order to affect a solution. In this general sense emancipation transcends the limitations and boundaries of race, and therefore includes the whole world, White and Black people, since we are all victims of the same chain of the traditional falsehood, that has incarcerated the modern world. On the other hand, emancipation or redemption is specific, when we refer to the effects of the phenomenon of unwholesome race relations upon the Black people. It is freedom from such conditions that constitutes the specific function of emancipation or redemption.
We digressed somewhat in order to explain the terms philosophy and philosophy of redemption, believing it to be necessary before proceeding to answer the next question: how to live up to this New Philosophy of Redemption? How must it be worked out?

Being liberated from inferiority complex by their New Philosophy of Redemption, which is destined to destroy the chain of false tradition which has incarcerated them, the Black people must face and interpret the world according to their new vision and philosophy. Throughout the centuries up to our modern times, world conditions have been influenced by two phenomena which have affected human relations.
(i) The giving of false praise to the Greeks: a custom which appears to be an educational policy conducted by educational institutions. This has led to the false worship of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, as intellectual gods in all the leading universities of the world, and in support of this intellectual worship, these institutions have also organized what are known as Greek lettered fraternities and sororities, as the symbols of the superiority of Greek intellect and culture.
(ii) The second phenomenon is Missionary enterprise whereby the Black people’s culture has been caricatured in literature and exhibitions, in such specimens as provoke disrespect and laughter. Never let us forget that the Roman Emperors Theodosius and Justinian were responsible for the abolition of the Egyptian Mysteries that is the culture system of the Black people, and also for the establishment of Christianity for its perpetual suppression. Likewise,
never let us forget when we are reviewing this bit of history that the Greeks called the Egyptians Hoi Aiguptoi which meant Black people. In living up to their New Philosophy of Redemption, the life of the Black people will have to be
one of counteraction against these two sets of conditions. In the first place the Black people must adopt a negative attitude towards this type of phenomena, because they have become fully aware that these phenomena are the result of a false tradition, and therefore also partake of the nature of falsehood and insincerity. In this negative attitude the Black people of the world must shun the false tradition and must teach the truth, which is their New Philosophy of Redemption. This must be done in the home to young children; in the colleges and schools to students; from the pulpits and platforms to audiences; and in the fraternities and sororities to young men and women. This New Philosophy of Redemption, being a revelation of truth in the history of Black people’s civilization must become a necessary portion of their education, and must be taught for generations and centuries to come; in order to fill them with inspiration and pride and liberate them from mental servitude. In the second place, in this negative attitude the Black people must demonstrate their disbelief in the false worship of Greek intellect. This should be done in the following three ways: (i) They must discontinue the practice of quoting Socrates, Plato and Aristotle in their speeches
as intellectual models; because we know that their philosophy was stolen

(ii) They must relinquish membership from all Greek lettered fraternities and sororities and

(iii) They must abolish all Greek lettered fraternities and sororities from all colored colleges because they have
been a source of the promotion of inferiority complex and of educating the Black people against themselves.

We come now to the counteraction of the second set of phenomena, the missionary activities in defamatory literature and exhibitions which provoke disrespect for and laughter at the Black people. Just as in the first set of phenomena, so is it in the second, the Black people must adopt a negative attitude in their attempt to live up to their philosophy of redemption. Of course, they are perfectly well aware that the activities of missionaries are the result of their own miseducation through the medium of a false tradition about Black people; but since their problem is also one of emancipation from certain social evils, the Black people feel that they are entitled to a change in Missionary policy. For these reasons I suggest that the negative attitude of the Black people should consist first of a boycott of missionary literature and exhibitions, and secondly, of a perpetual protest against these forms of missionary policy, until a change is brought about. For as long as Missionary enterprise maintains its policy of militancy against African culture, the Black people will be disrespected. This is the least that the Black people are entitled to: respectful
treatment, because they are the representatives of the oldest civilization in the world, from which all other cultures have borrowed. I have frequently seen in the parish magazines of some European churches, pictures of the following description: An African Chief, dressed in a new silk hat, a long shirt, but no trousers, a frock coat and barefeet; probably to provide amusement for the parishioners and to excite their pity. This is what the Black people must protest against and this is how they must live up to their philosophy of redemption and work it out.

In conclusion, let us remember that the unfortunate position of the modern church in being associated with the drama of Greek philosophy is excusable; because her missionary function has been due to the erroneous mandates and edicts of secular Princes and Emperors, who ruled the church, when it was only a department of state. This bit of ecclesiastical history should be well known to the early branches of the Christian church and consequently, they are the ones whom our enlightened age expects to initiate a change in missionary policy, which would free themselves from the error and superstition of human relations.

This lead of the various branches of Catholicism should be followed by Protestantism, so that the entire church of Christ on earth should be united in this racial reformation, and carry to the mission field a practical gospel of happiness; that is happiness that must begin while we are here on earth; a gospel that is interested in the total welfare of the people. A gospel which ignores the social and economic rights of natives and emphasizes only happiness in an unknown world is one-sided, misleading, and contrary to Christian tenets and practice. It was early Christianity that
established a diaconate for the express purpose of solving the economic problems of its adherents; so that they might begin in their earthly life to experience what happiness really meant.

It is evident that the benefits of religion are intended to be coextensive with human needs and unless the Christian religion changes its missionary policy with respect to the Culture of the Black people, it would be difficult for them to obtain complete emancipation from the social injuries created by Ancient Rome.

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The Ogdoad and the Dogon

The Dogon and the Ancient Egyptians have in common eight deities early in precreation. This is startling in that this shows a continuity of African Culture. The cosmoloogy and the culture of the Dogon also is both Scientific and Spiritual. This connection of the eight opens up knew discussions of Kemet and its expansive culture.

Here is the legends of the Nommo, again the myths themselves are not as important as the underlying science and continuity of culture. The point again as to begin to see Life with Deep Beginnings and few it with a multidimensional approach that has science tolerant of spirituality and things that we cannot explaint. The Myths themselves are teaching tools.

The Legend of the Nommo from – I will check more sources latter.

According to the Dogon, the Universe is considered ‘Amma’s Egg’. Amma, ‘He Who Rests Upon Nothing’, is the sky god and creator of the universe. Within his egg, Amma began spinning around, forming the po seed (the Black Hole at the Galactic Core). The po is ‘the smallest [heaviest and densest] thing that was made invisible, at the center’.

Amma then placed seven ‘words’ in the po, which began to vibrate strongly within the seed. The spiralling vibrations caused four clavicles to grow forth from the po. Suddenly, the Po burst forth, and eight new seeds were created. Amma planted these seeds in his egg near the clavicles of the Po. With these eight seeds, Amma intended to create eight celestial beings – four male and four female. The Dogon call these beings the Nommo Anagonno, best translated as ‘The Word (Nommo) that Became the Fish-Man’ (Anagonno).

These eight beings were going to be Amma’s perfect creation. As sister and brother yet husband and wife, the four fish-twins were going to make each other fertile, complete, and blessed with heavenly happiness and fulfilment. However, one of the male twins – Ogo – grew impatient as he waited for his female twin to gestate. Ogo decided to rebel from Amma. He jumped out of his celestial womb and stole parts of his own placenta. He then began creating and pro-creating with his own placenta in an attempt to re-create his own little world. His stolen placenta became impure, and his actions greatly threw off the divine order Amma had intended. The Dogon say that our Sun – whom they call Nay – is the stolen placenta, and that planet Earth is the rebel-world established by Ogo.

To re-establish order and purify creation of Ogo’s transgression, Amma decided to sacrifice one of the completed Nommo twins – Nommo Semi. Nommo Semi was composed of both a male and female Nommo Anagonno, and was a complete and perfect Being onto itself. Amma lifted Nommo Semi out of the celestial waters and tied the androgynous fish to the Kilena (Mother of charcoal) tree. In one swift cut, Amma sliced the umbilical cord and genitals of Nommo Semi. The sacrificed Nommo’s blood and life force – nyama – emptied from its naval and groin. Semi died a suffering and painful death. The Dogon say that Sirius ‘A’ – the visible star of Sirius whom the Dogon call Sigi Tolo – is the celestial embodiment of the sacrifice.

Amma then took the nyama of the sacrificed Nommo and dripped it on the former placenta of the celestial fish (the Sirius system) and the stolen placenta of its brother Ogo (our Sun, Nay). Amma’s goal was to purify his creation from the transgressions of Ogo. It required him taking a pure and perfected being (Nommo Semi) and sacrificing it. Amma intended for the spirit of Nommo Semi to heal Ogo’s torn placenta and become one with the Impure Earth Ogo created. When Amma sprinkled the sacrificed nyama, it did several things:

It caused the resurrection of the sacrificed Nommo. When Nommo Semi’s nyama dripped on its former placenta, it caused it to be reborn. Its re-birth however, multiplied Semi’s forms and transformed its nature. Nommo Semi resurrected in three simultaneous forms:

1. Kora Na – The Great Ark of Pure Earth, the force that Amma intended to carry humanity and the seeds (po) of agriculture to the ‘Impure Earth’. The Kora-Na is depicted as a step-pyramid with an antennae-looking rod at the apex.

2. O Nommo – ‘Nommo of the Pond’, the purifying force of fresh water on Earth.

3. Unum – The once androgynous Nommo Semi now manifested as the eight original ancestors of Humanity – four males and four females. The male and female souls of Nommo Semi now had their own separate forms. They were paired in four couples united in the image of the original eight Nommo.

The sacrificial Nyama prepared the heavens for the Kora-Na to travel from the Sirius System to Planet Earth. The Kora-Na travelled from Sirius to our planet Earth on the sprinkles of Nyama. It carried as its occupants the Unum of Humanity and the seeds of eight celestial grains. Also, the shape, design, and proportions of the Ark express all of the principles and science humanity would need for the reorganization and atonement of Ogo’s earth.

The Sirius System became the Ever-Living Placenta of the Resurrected Nommo. Even though the Kora-Na, O Nommo, and the Unum were going to travel to ‘The Impure Earth’ of Ogo, they were to forever remain connected to a lifeline that connected them straight to Amma’s womb. This ever-living placenta is the Sirius system, and as long as the connection with Sirius was maintained, the Resurrected Nommo would never die. The Sirius system floods the Impure Earth with rejuvenating and nourishing Nyama every sixty years, at which time the Dogon perform the Sigui ceremony to reaffirm the Earth-Sirius connection.

The sacrificial Nyama created parallel structures in celestial sphere and on Ogo’s earth. In heaven, it reorganised space and the cycles of time in our solar system. It also synchronised our system’s cycles with the cycles of the Sirius system. The Sirius System and this planetary system thus became twin placentas of a pair of the 8 ancestral Nommo.

On earth, it organised human culture and set the order for human interaction. This is the celestial foundation of the Earthly sciences of astrology, astronomy, and agriculture.

Lastly, the sacrificial Nyama set the stage for the day of total purification and renewal for planet Earth. This day is called ‘Izubay Minne’ – “Earth of the Day of the Fish”, which occurs when “the fish is sacrificed” and “His blood falls to Earth as cords of rain”. One day during the transition of these ages, Taba Tolo – the reuniting of the two placentas – will occur. Taba Tolo is when the Sun and Sirius come together in a grand conjunction. The Dogon depict Taba Tolo as the day a strong purifying stream of Nyama will pour down on the Sun and Earth from Sirius. This stream will wash away the corrupt order of Ogo and immortalize the sons and daughters of the Nommo.

Ogo’s self-willed actions really threw off the universal balance Amma had intended. Beyond creating the principle and act of theft, when Ogo took his own placenta and recreated his own world, it amounted to an act of incest. Amma felt that Ogo must be stopped from creating more chaos, as well as punished for his misdeeds.

Amma ordered one of the other Nommo – Nommo Titeyanye – to punish Ogo. Nommo Titeyanye smashed Ogo’s genitalia, making him infertile. Ogo fled from the heavens down to Earth. Once on Earth, Amma wanted to bind Ogo to this planet so that he could not disrupt the celestial order anymore. He transformed Ogo, who up until this point was in the form of an amphibious Reptilian, into Yurugu, the Pale Fox.

Once on Earth, the Pale Fox Yurugu continued his disruptive and chaotic behaviours. He attempted to create an artificial world outside of the divine order of Amma. That was what he was doing when the Ark Kora Na landed upon Earth. When it landed, the force of impact almost killed Yurugu, but he survived by fleeing underground. The impact of the landing threw the moon into the sky, which is part Kora-Na/Part Earth.

Out of the Kora Na emerged the eight ancestors of humanity. They came forth with eight grains, including millet, black rice, chickpea, and sorghum. Their mission is to cultivate the land and grow the celestial grains so that everyone could live in abundance. They were also supposed to reproduce and spread throughout the world bringing the spiritual technologies contained within the Kora-Na with them. The eight ancestors and their offspring were charged with conducting important ceremonies such as the Sigui ceremony. The Sigui is performed every 60 years when the planets Jupiter and Saturn are aligned. The Sigui re-establishes the bond of the Fish-people who sacrificed their divine self to their homeland across the waters – Sirius. The ultimate purpose the Dogon say they have is to maintain this extra-terrestrial connection by establishing sacred sites and celestial granaries throughout the world in an effort to prepare Earth for Izubay Minne ‘The Day of the Earth of the Fish’. When the Earth and Sirius align, the great conjunction, Taba Tolo – The re-uniting of the Twin Placentas -is going to occur.

At this time, a sacred, purifying energy force described as a ‘stream’ or ‘electric light’ from Sirius, known as the ‘Reorganiser of the World’ will cascade down upon the Earth and bring about a new order in the world. For the sons and daughters of the Nommo who are harmoniously in tune with the heavens and earth, this energy will nourish their mind, body and spirit. However, the stream will wash away the corrupt order of Ogo, those who are not in tune with the divine order established by Amma. This cosmic radiation will be like brimstone and fire falling from the sky, burning up the wicked and unrighteous. There will be nowhere to run or hide.


Here is another verse from a blog – Also unconfirmed source

From solipsis@HEVANET.COM Sat Oct 18 15:42:14 2003

Date: Sat, 18 Oct 2003 06:35:34 -0700

From: Palafax Solipsigossa

Subject: AMMA, GOD


At the beginning, first of all, was AMMA, GOD, and it did not rest on nothing… The Egg in ball of AMMA was closed; but made of four parts known as Clavicles. In the Clavicles of AMMA, all the things were Signs, besides that, nothing did not exist. AMMA maintained the unit because it had traced in itself the plan of the World… The total of the Signs of AMMA is two hundred and sixty six Main Signs, Complete Signes of the World, Bummô…

The Sign is, and walks in the tète; the words of the drawing are in the body. The Signs that AMMA sent in the World went, entered the things, which at this time were… AMMA having thought then drawn the World that he  wanted to create, tried by way of test, to superimpose a little all the matters which formed a flesh coming from its own person. By kneading its hands gently, it thus worked seed of Senna which is smallest of the plants. It is said that AMMA scraped its throat, which made the Earth; its saliva became Water; it breathed while going up with the sky, it is Fire; it blew extremely, it is the Wind. It did not mix the Elements, it superimposed them: it posed the Earth, then Water, then Fire, then the Air… From seed of Senna and tree which one says that they were the things created of the First World, AMMA formed the First World, drawn up on only one foot revolving on itself and filled with Germs which are fertilized by the contact of two spines: That the top is the male Sky, that of bottom is the female Earth… Of this Creation carried out in secrecy in the Clavicles of AMMA, one knows few things, because AMMA gave up it, destroyed it, preserving only seed itself and the four Elements which it contained, as certain wild seed Germs which were to develop later…

AMMA took again its work and, starting from the Paramount Traces,  Bummô, it drew inside its centre the marks Yala, reflections of the Signs in Space… AMMA having thus laid out Yala of Préfiguration of the World, act on them.

It opened the Eyes, causing the exit of Yala… Thus AMMA had bored the envelope of its own centre, and its Eye, as emerged of a hole, had become a Light which lit the World and revealed the Existence of all the things in formation… When AMMA broke Egg of the World and left there, a whirling wind emerged. Pô which is smallest of the things was made Invisible, in the center; the wind is AMMA itself. It is Pô which AMMA made leave the first… The beginning of the things is more Grand Secrecy of AMMA. AMMA, since  it created all the things, all were in Pô; they grew while Pô did not grow.

The  seed of Pô was formed like the wind and it is interdict to speak about it… AMMA makes begin the things by creating them as small as Pô. It  continues to add gradually; and as it adds that which is serious of Pô, the things become large… At the interior of Pô which is the symbol of smallest, is a smaller thing still which is the Life When the Life increases, it increases while whirling, that imitates how AMMA left Egg of the World. The Life placed in seeds by the Word is like a fermentation. At the interior of AMMA, much of things fermented… The Egg of AMMA which had wrapped all the things inside became its Placenta; however this Paramount Placenta was double… Nommo Anagonno is the First of the Alive Things that AMMA created inside its Placenta. AMMA formed initially four Nommo Anagonno males by successive unfolding, then it created their binoculars. The first, known as Nommo Dié, Large Nommo, will remain with the sky at AMMA, of which he will be the vicar. The second, known as Nommo Titiyayne, Messenger of Nommo, will be the Guard and the Guard of the Spiritual Principles. The third, is known as O Nommo, Nommo of the Pond. It will be sacrificed for the purification and the reorganization of the World after the harmful acts of its Ogo twin. The fourth bears the name of  Ogo…

Like its twins, Ogo had received the Word as of before appearing in the World. Ogo wanted however to use of the Word to equalize its Creator. It left its Placenta the eyes closed, before its time, tearing off with the Placenta a square piece. Thus making, it believed to take along its binocular with him… Ogo is descended in Seven Times in Empty Space. The piece of Placenta always connected to Ogo turned on itself. AMMA directed the Arch of Ogo which the piece of Placenta in direction of the east constituted, bus AMMA wished to cure the disorder caused by Ogo… AMMA transformed the piece of Placenta into Ground; the Arch was stabilized then, and AMMA made it dry to enable him to place itself. Thus, the piece of Placenta stolen by Ogo made the Second World, the piece of Placenta became Champ, became the Earth… The search for Ogo on the Earth to find its binocular had remained a long time unfruitful. Ogo, considering the Earth unusable, gives up the Earth and goes up… AMMA, seeing that, gives the order to Nommo Titiyayne to transform the remainder of the Placenta of Ogo into Extreme Fire, also Ogo could it seize only one small end of it while being burned. AMMA having hidden its Placenta, Ogo did not see it. Ogo stole Cereals of AMMA to replace its Placenta, and Ogo is descended while making a hole in Egg. For that, it used the small piece of Placenta stolen like Second Arch, and y hid seeds. The seed of Pô male, base of the World, directed Ogo in its descent… However Pô is the Origin of the Beings and the Goods, as the Placenta is the Original Envelope of the Man, who begins his Life as small as seed. This is why, Ogo while stealing one and the other, thought of having the source of all things… But AMMA preserved all the Placentas, all the possibilities of reproduction of the things to himself. AMMA then made turn the Placenta of Ogo and transformed it into Sun. In the same way, AMMA transformed the hole in Egg into the Moon not to lose the testimony of the flight; thus the Sun and the Moon are the Witnesses of the Placenta of Ogo. AMMA having ordered in Nommo Titiyayne to purify the Earth after having noted the disorder caused by Ogo, AMMA made proceed to the eviration of Nommo Sému… The blood of the eviration ran, impregnating the Placenta and giving him a new Life… The star Sigi-Tolo, Sirius, was born; it is the Witness of the Placenta and the umbilical cord of sacrificed, because Sigi-Tolo is the Navel of the World… At the time of these things, Ogo wishing to adapt itself what it missed, went up with the Sky. Ogo, approaching the victim, seized its Four Hearts of Sex which were placed under its foreskin. Then, Ogo flees while following the Line of the Flow of the Blood of Eviration. But Nommo Titiyayne having caught the end of the sex of Ogo, sliced with its mouth the end of the sex of Ogo.

Thus Nommo Titiyayne A took again the Hearts of Sex… Arrived on the Earth, Ogo thought of continuing its work, but AMMA plated Ogo on the ground, transforming it; since, Ogo lost its name, Ogo became Yurugu, the Fox Blade…

Noting the growing disorder caused by Ogo, AMMA proceeded to the sacrifice of that which had been just éviré. For that, AMMA extended the two arms of Nommo on a Fork, and it killed it after having attached it with an iron cord… That which dies being lying does not see much Suffering for that, Nommo died upright, the Suffering is larger. This is why Nommo, in order to organize the World died upright, because if you want to organize the World, you are obliged to see the Great Suffering… AMMA sent the four parts of Nommo to the four Cardinal Points, it organized the World. Nommo made pass its body in the World… AMMA took the pieces and A joined together, it has ressuscity Nommo. AMMA used for that the Earth of the Placenta; the Earth of the Placenta was alive and pure, with it, AMMA worked male alive Nommo and its binocular, with human form. By kneading the ground, AMMA said: “AMMA arranged what it had reversed. AMMA, after having destroyed, gave today what it itself had destroyed… ” When AMMA ressuscita Nommo, it gave him seeds of in top… After AMMA had Petri with the sky Nommo, it also kneads with the matter of the Placenta the Ancestors of the Men. AMMA created all the things, then it created the Man. Four Men, then their binoculars were kneaded by AMMA in the body of Pô… Amma Sérou was made air of the placenta; Lébé Sérou was made ground of the placenta; Binou Sérou was made water of the placenta; Dyongou Sérou was made fire of the placenta… The Egg in ball of AMMA was made of four Clavicles, and the four Clavicles were like four Eggs… AMMA was in the center, upright, turning on itself, the right arm with horizontal, all the lengthened fingers; it turned of the right-hand side towards the left… It turned fourteen times, it turned an infinity of time, and with each turn, AMMA created a Sky and a Ground stuck one to the other… The base of AMMA was like a Matrix of Woman, all the things left the interior of the Placenta of AMMA… Being held Pô, it extended the World. All the things went to the four Cardinal Angles. Being held Pô poured all that it contained in the Large Arch of Nommo, which was made remainder of the Placenta of Sacrificed… What remained alone was Pô-Tolo, the star of Pô. Pô-Tolo is smallest of all the things; she is the heaviest star. This why Pô-Tolo was heavy is that there was in her the remainder of the blood of the World turned by Pô. AMMA created Pô-Tolo the first of all stars. In the substance of Pô-Tolo, the witnesses of all the things of the whole World exist a little. It is the attic of all the things of the World, Pô-Tolo is the axis of the whole World. If one looks at Pô-Tolo, it is as if the World turned and if the World is looked at, it is as if Pô-Tolo turned; actually it is thanks to it that the World turns…

Moreover, as soon as Sigi-Tolo, Sirius, left, Pô-Tolo went to turn around him; this is why Sigi-Tolo is the Navel of the World…

The Arch was soft and wet, it carried all the things created by AMMA. One found initially Nommo ressuscity and the eight Ancestors, are four twin couples. They nine formed a Whole… In the center, on Estrade de Chef, male Nommo ressuscity had sat, with with dimensions of the Mud of Head in  whom was the Snake of the Unit of the World with eight paramount seeds in the tète… In the west, Amma Sérou and its binocular, sister of dance; with north, Lébé Sérou and its binocular, woman sister; in the east, Binou Sérou and its binocular; with the south, Dyongou Sérou and its jumelle.Tous the animals and all the plants were with the Ancestors on the Arch. AMMA then reduced to leave its centre and on the Earth the Arch filled with all that it had created. It left by the opening which it had arranged in the Sky for the Sun pushed by AMMA in the west… The Arch was balanced in the Sky for Eight Periods during its descent. The limit of the Arch is East-West. It is balanced while leaning towards the south and still while leaning towards north. At the same time, the suspended Arch turned on it even in a kind of comings and goings… Nommo located Space and the Duration by means of four Muds of Head placed in the Arch. With each one of these Muds makes of copper, was related a red horse to the white face. The four animals formed a carrousel whose center was placed on their left and gave the indication of the Curve of the World… At the same time as it located Space and the  Duration, Nommo protested the Word that AMMA had placed at the origin in seed of Pô. Nommo made sound this Word while making turn its voice in  the Sky, it launched its voice to the four Cardinal Angles of Space… The hole of the revolving wind is main road of the breathing of the Ancestors descended from in top. It is their breath which helped to turn to go down and go to the bottom… When the Arch went down, Space was Four Angles; when the Arch is descended, Space became Four With dimensions… The Arch was posed of night on the dry ground of the Earth of the Fox by moving a cluster of dust; but as it was made Placenta of Nommo, i.e. of a wet and soft Ground, it slipped on mud. Thus the Large Arch is descended from Nommo, it is descended to north, of with dimensions of Niger. While being posed, the weight of the Arch made spout out to the Sky the blood which impregnated the Placenta… While going down from the Arch, Nommo posed initially the Left Foot on the ground; marking its taking possession of the Earth of the Fox…

All being accomplished, AMMA kept to himself the Principal Signs. What remains between the hands of AMMA and will not leave is a total of twenty two Principal Signs… The Signs being placed at the Four Cardinal Points in its opened Clavicles, AMMA is closed again, keeping to himself half of the Life of the Second World in order to make a Third of it… It is said that when AMMA created the World, it kept the Life of the World, AMMA drew each thing in its place and it was closed; AMMA drew the Life of the World in the Clavicles punts and closed them like a papaw fruit; When AMMA drew the Life of the things of the World, it drew half of the Life which it gave, and half of the Life that it kept; AMMA while making turn its Clavicles sent per half the Life in the things of the World; AMMA, to make finish the World, drew half of the Life of the World which it kept to himself; it will destroy the Life of the World, then the World will be finished…

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Summary of the Implications ANKH Paradigm

No longer can the ANKH symbol be viewed with the flat definition of Life. It has to be viewed with the MultiDimensional View of its direct relationship to the Primordial Deities  or Scientific Principals of Amen/Amenet,Nun/Nunet,Kuh/Kuhket,Heh/Hehet.

The Study of Ancient Kemet/Egypt must be both Scientific and Spiritual. It cannot be complete if both or not observed at the same time. We must go past the pure scientific study and certainly past the pure religious observation. Both done individually will not help us understand the Kemetic Personality and the real wonders of Ancient Kemet/Egypt.

In my 24 year observation of people involved in Ancient Egypt, I have seen the pure spiritual practitioners, the intellectuals, the scientist and engineers, the archeologist, the astronomers,  the linguist. None of this does any justice to Ancient Kemet – an expanded and fresh look beginning with the so called “Chaos Gods”/Ogdoad/Khemenu must take place.

So we must re orientate our thinking, so that we are not “paradigm blinded” and rediscover Ancient Kemet/Egypt.

Using my expanded definition of the ANKH in relationship to the Ogdoad, we see the scientific and spiritual forces play together in the beginning of beginnings (before the Big Bang) bringing forth Matter and Galaxies (During the Big Bang), Life itself (After the Big Bang), The Stability of life (Gravity, Evolution,  Plant/Animal/Human Life) and the Transition of Energies (life and death, Energy Transitions). The Ancient Kemetic formula including Maat (order), Tehuti (Vibration) holding the ANKH – Amen/Amenet (The Hidden spark of Life and its opposite), Nun/Nunet(primordial matter and its opposite), Ku/Kuket (Darkness and its opposite), Heh/Hehet (Infinity and its opposite) along with the creation of Ptah (the concept of God himself or the Creative force of Life and Matter), Atum (the science of the Atom) and finally the Enneand or the 9 Deities creates new possibilities of  understanding of Science and Spirituality and how humans can relate to this understanding. The fact is that for 4 thousand years – Nile Valley Civilization did just this and all of Western Civilization stands on this accomplishments. Western Civilizations destruction of Nile Valley Civilization has left a void in the dimensions of human understanding and has created a paradigm of scientific and spiritual separation. I am not calling at all for a new religion or a religion of praying to the deities of Egypt. I am calling for an understanding of the the qualities and attributes of the deities of Egypt and the application to Human Society. Praying to the Deities is not necessary when there is a Devotion to the Qualities and Attributes of the Deities because it is science. No Scholars as put it best in the 21st century then Prof. James Small. We are God having a Human Experience. So that we are the qualities and attributes of the elements that created the concept of God and we are its expression.

All of this becomes even more important because we have the Dogon and its version of the Ogdoad to look at. The similarities of creation and the “First Time” is incredible.  It may be very well that the cosmology of the Ancient Egyptians is saved in the living culture of the Dogon and Nommo. The Nommo or their Ogdoad also connected to a primeval water and are depicted as water animals.  The Nommo Amma is often compaired to Amen.

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Proverb 8 – Wisdom is Maat

King James Version: Proverbs Chapter 8

1 Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice?

2 She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths.

3 She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors.

4 Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man.

5 O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.

6 Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things.

7 For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness is an abomination to my lips.

8 All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward or perverse in them.

9 They are all plain to him that understandeth, and right to them that find knowledge.

10 Receive my instruction, and not silver; and knowledge rather than choice gold.

11 For wisdom is better than rubies; and all the things that may be desired are not to be compared to it.

12 I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.

13 The fear of the LORD is to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.

14 Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom: I am understanding; I have strength.

15 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice.

16 By me princes rule, and nobles, even all the judges of the earth.

17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.

18 Riches and honour are with me; yea, durable riches and righteousness.

19 My fruit is better than gold, yea, than fine gold; and my revenue than choice silver.

20 I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment:

21 That I may cause those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill their treasures.

22 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old.

23 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.

24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water.

25 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth:

26 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

27 When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth:

28 When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep:

29 When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth:

30 Then I was by him, as one brought up with him: and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him;

31 Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

32 Now therefore hearken unto me, O ye children: for blessed are they that keep my ways.

33 Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not.

34 Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

35 For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the LORD.

36 But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death.

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Nubia: Ancient Kingdoms of Africa Review by Bro. Reggie

All those that study Ancient Civilizations of Africa are used to seeing Extraordinary works of Art, Literature, Science, and Architecture. At the same time, we are used to seeing these objects of Africa dislocated, isolated and poorly described. The exhibit of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World of New York University fits into this mode.

The exhibition is conveniently located at 15 east 84th street next to Fifth avenue. The #4, 5, 6 trains take you within minutes of this museum and the MET. The exhibition is also Free to the Public. The Hours are Tuesday–Sunday 11am–6pm Friday 11am–8pm Closed Mondays. There is a Free guided tour every Friday at 6 PM if you register:

I toured the Exhibition on first on Friday, May 13th and then again on May 18th. The first piece I encountered was a headless statue of Nwst Akhratan. This of course is a wonderful way to start the exhibition. The will say this was a metaphor of the what I wish to present.

In short, What is Missing? – Meroitic Script, the labeling of the Nubian Peoples, the technology that produced the Metal, Stone and Artwork, the connections of the Deities Khnum, Bes,  and Amun and Hathor, a proper timeline of Nubian Kings, Ancient Nubia and more.

I will give the Contents of the Exhibition a 8 because there is no meroitic script but if it was there I would have no choice but to give it a 10.

I give the associated scholarship and information an 6 because though the catalog is a great “Art” Catalog – the associated information is not strong scholarship.

However, it is a Treasure worth seeing and I do thank the organizers for making this work available.

Before I critique the literature surrounding the exhibition, the exhibition, though small shows the extraordinary treasure of an aspect of  Nubian civilization.

The Exhibition shows that the Nubians knew well there mineral treasures and took advantage of them in their Art. The Nubians were very skilled craftsman of both pottery and precious metals.

The object labeled: 63Hathor-headed Crystal Pendant
Gold and Rock Crystal, H. 5.4 cm, D. 3.3 cm
El-Kurru, Pyramid 55, 750–720 BC (Napatan Period, Reign of Piye)
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition: 21.321 is a Master Piece. The craftsmanship of Gold laid on this natural Rock Crystal has to be one of the finest treasures ever seen.

There are other almost exceptional pieces but I do not wish to spoil your surprise – and the catalog though it is well done – can not capture what your eyes can see.

My Critique will take a few days and I will continue to attempt to fine tune it over the next few weeks. I apologize, I do not have time for this but I think it is important.

I went to the exhibition because I am continuously in search for information on my work the My work is a paradigm that allows one to interpret Nile Valley Civilization through the Creation Stories of the Ancient Egyptians. You can read my work for more information. You should also read my article on the Nubia –

Returning to the statue of the headless statue of Nwst Bty Akhratan, the exhibition does not do well in looking at Nubia’s over 8000 year contribution to Nile Valley Civilization and as a Parent to Egypt or Kemet itself.

The exhibition gives a timeline of 8000 years but actually begins with this quote from its catalog.  Terminal A-Group and C-Group (ca 3100-1600 bc) The first kingdoms of the Nile Valey Developed in northern Nubia and southern Egypt by 3000 bc. The Nubian Kingdoms called the Terminal A-Group by archeaologists, are known from cemeteries between the 2nd and 1st cataracts. While arguably royal burals are known only at Qustul and possibly Sayala, it appears that these kingsoms traded gold in exchange for oil, wine, and other products from Egypt….

A-Group sites were abandoned soon after 3000 bc as Egyptian armies raided Nubia, captureing thousands of prisoners and sometimes hundreds of thousands of animals. It was not until nearly six hundred years later that the area was resettled bya a culture known as the C-Group whose burals provide littel evidence of existence of royalty or even an elite.

If you are following this is typical revisionist and even stereotypical statements without any evidence to support. The statements can be taken as true very easily by students up to college. There is so much evidence to counter this information but it must always be done. This is unfortunate because statements like this take away from the Beauty of the Exhibition.

First, to put a timeline on Nile Valley Civilization one must begin with the stone tools of the Paleolithic Period and the Neolithic Periods.

You can find more information about the periods and the findings here: but the period begins about 300,000 years ago. Most of these artifacts come from Nubia.

In addition the Cave Drawings of Nubia/Egypt are important.


From the Article: 8,000-year-old cave could help resolve ancient Egypt’s mysteriesArchaeologists are studying prehistoric rock drawings discovered in a remote cave in 2002, including dancing figures and strange headless beasts, as they seek new clues about the rise of Egyptian civilisation.

Amateur explorers stumbled across the cave, which includes 5,000 images painted or engraved into stone, in the vast, empty desert near Egypt’s southwest border with Libya and Sudan.

Rudolph Kuper, a German archaeologist, said the detail depicted in the “Cave of the Beasts” indicate the site is at least 8,000 years old, likely the work of hunter-gatherers whose descendants may have been among the early settlers of the then-swampy and inhospitable Nile Valley.

Thanks to a group of Scholars – the Findings of Nabta Playa – which is in Nubia – Show that Egypt or Kmt is a daughter of another civilization of Scientist and Star Gazers. That the Giza plateau was prototyped in Nabta Playa which is in Nubia at least 6,000 years ago.

Most of the artifacts in this exhibit are 25th dynasty and after. So more that 100,000 years of Africans in Nubia and Egypt have simply been left out.  The exhibit only mentions the Ancient Civilizations of Nubia but do not mention who they were and the peoples. The exhibition does not even show one piece of Merotic Script – the so called undeciphered script  of Nubia. However, recent evidence points that this script was a Lingua Franca among the Nubians and it can be deciphered using Tocharian.

What is extremely important and missing is any reference to the Qustul Incense Burner. The Qustal Incense Burner has the first picture of the White Crown – It is the primary evidence that Egypt borrowed from Nubia rather than the other way around. See Video Qustal Incense Burner – The Incense Burner is 5,000 years old and clearly predates Egypt.

The most problematic part of the exhibition is the descriptions of


the Bes Amulets. In typical European style – they are described as Pataikos amulets. There is no historical relevance given to the God Bes and his ancient relationship to Nubia, nor is Khnum talked about and lastly – the curators attribute Amun in Nubia to its Egypt Relationship. Though the Ram as he is depicted is part of the Nubian worship and was in that region thousands of years before the God Amun/Amen.

The Exhibition should not even be walked through without a reading of the The Nubian Salvage Project:

and this great article:

Then Nabta Playa and Its Role in Northeastern African Prehistory Fred Wendorf Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275 and Romuald Schild    Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland. There work can be found here:

Second, the Book – The Origin Map: Discovery of a Prehistoric, Megalithic, Astrophysical Map and Sculpture of the Universe [Paperback] by Thomas G. Brophy should be required reading.

Also a newer work Black Genesis: The Prehistoric Origins of Ancient Egypt [Paperback] Robert Bauval (Author), Thomas Brophy Ph.D. (Author) and of Course Dr. Cheikh Ante Diops two books The African Origin of Civilization and Civilization or Barbarism. To bring it all together the Secret of the Ankh will be helpful for cosmological understanding.

The findings in Ancient Nubia become relevant in several important ways. 1) The time line 2) The importance of the Cattle Cult or Hathor and the marriage to Amun 3) The Science and Architecture 4) the Astronomy 5) The Knowledge of its metal and mineral resources.

I will continue in a few days.

You should read the following Blog for more on Nubia from Nubians:

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The Ankh, Aum, The 10 Virtues and the Eightfold Path

I am currently looking at the relationship between the Ankh and Om. Particularly the Closeness of Amn and Om or Aum Though seemingly different cultures produced two of the three widely used symbols, The Ankh, the Om and The Cross – there is similarities in the symbols Ankh and Om  and in the Sounds Amn and Aum that cannot be ignored. The cross is an obvious derivation – so I want include in any discussion. My interest peaked on this subject since that I have found that there is some relationship between the Nubian Merotic Script and Tocarian Languages. Obviously the time periods of the Ankh and Om symbol usage is different then the Meroitic period, but both symbols – the Ankh if you apply the Ogdoad to it and the Om – have a special connection to a primordial vibration.

In addition the Eight Auspicious Symbols is also an interest here. They are qualities that emerge after enlightenment. I find the use of eight interesting.

First, I will say here and then I will backtrack in the other Post, that Ancient Kemet Cosmology predates Buddhism. What will have to be reconciled is:

Check this video out before it disappears. It appears to be ancient sanskrit in India and a man holding an Ankh.

There is also a providence in India called Ankh Kheda and it the photo of it is spectacular.

1. what was the relationship with the Dravidian Indians or who was speaking the Tocarian language.

2.Was this language a lingua Franca or trade language in the Sudan that unified the different Nubian tribes without having them giving up their indigenous languages.

3.Was Buddha and Egyptian Priest.

4.Why is the cow sacred in Neolithic Sudan, Nabta Playa and then become sacred in India.

5.Amn and Hathor are married in Nubia.

6.The Mass Exodus of Egyptians from Kmt to Nubia after the 25th Dynasty – before and after the rule of the Ptolomeys.

7. The Ankh, Amn and Aum or all creation sounds.

8. The similarities between Maat and Budhism

9. Is the Eight Auspicious Symbols the Ogdoad or Ennead converted into Buudhism.

10.  Did the Gymnosophists have Kemetic Philosophical Origin – They were in Egypt and in Meroe.

11. The words Geru Maa or both in Egypt and India and they both mean the Same Thing – Self Mastered One. This is exciting because this would Mean that Budhisim is a Maatian child.

Lastly George G. M. James Book the Stolen Legacy listed 10 Virtues that the Initiate must master.

Control of thought, Control of Action, Steadfastness of Purpose, Identity with Higher Ideas, Evidence of a Mission, Evidence of a Call to Spiritual Order, Freedom From Resentment, Faith in the Master and Faith in your own learning abilities and Preparedness for Initiation.

The Budhist have the Eightfold Path

1. Right View Wisdom
2. Right Intention
3. Right Speech Ethical Conduct
4. Right Action
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Effort Mental Development
7. Right Mindfulness
8. Right Concentration

To be brief, while I am looking – I will say that there are several important Kemetic or Egyptian words that survive Kemet along with Kemetic Concepts  in India and Sia, Geru Maa, Ankh or Am or  words that have dramatic connections.

To all this should be interesting and often overlooked.  The woman who gave birth to Buddha Shakyamuni is called Mahamaya. Mahamaya actually means in Sanskrit The Grandest Deception (or, Illusion) of all — that which convinces us of Existence.  In the Hindu tradition, Maya is also understood as the maiden-aspect of the Indian Mother goddess, Kali.  She is Mahakali.  She is our mother in the sense of the Giver of Perception. Also interesting, The same Goddess, called Maia by the Greeks, was the virgin mother to Hermes the Enlightened One, who had as many reincarnations as the Buddha. As anyone astute with Hermes knows that he is Tehuti and in this story – Maia or Maat is his mother.

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South Africa’s Mpumalanga Ruins and the Ankh

Evidence of the Ankh, Evidence of Ancient Astronomy predate even Nabta Playa in South Africa. We are looking at Michale Tellinger’s Books Adams Calendar and Temples of the African  Gods.

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Ancient Nubia – The Origin of Egyptian Cosmology

Ancient Nubia and Kemet and the Secret of the Ankh (in formation)

What is debated heavily in Nile Valley Civilization is the Borders of City States. The Border issue has been exploited and the result is the disassociation of Ancient Egypt to Nubia and to the South in culture and Race.

The cure of this disassociation is in the Cosmology of the peoples of Nile Valley Civilization. A proper study of Nubia and the Secret of the Ankh is the Paradigm that allows us to grasp and unify Egypt. In addition to this – Scientific Evidence has recently shown that that South Africa and their Click Language is the Origin of Language.  This New Discovery will also aid in the solving of the problem when we get more information. Until that Point, Cosmology is the Key and the Secret of the Ankh aides in this.

Using the Secret of the Ankh Paradigm – which is really looking at Kmt Cosmologically we can now see over 11,000 years of Ancient Egypt.

Traditional Egyptology have attempted to say that Nubia was just subservient to Egypt at all times  and additionally use race and color to make this point but this is a notion that can be and has been quickly impeached.  What is true is border disputes but Cosmology is the unifying factor.

It is now known that the Basin Napta Playa – where the stone Megaliths exist predate Kemet.  Napta Playa is important for three reasons. The First it is in Nubia. The second the site is 11,000 years old but the megalyths are probably 6,000 years old – so it predates Egypt. The third it is a cosmological as well as astrophysical site. Cosmologically, the site is a complex mathematical  astronomical site called the origin map that charts the universe in Stone Megaliths  in 25,000 year cycles. Third – In the site are burials of Cattle in sacred burials – with the hypothesis that this was the origin of the Hathor Cult.

This means three important things – Napta Playa in Sudan predates Egypt in technology and cosmology. The astronomical important of the Giza Platau had its origin in the Sudan. The people with the technology lived in the Sudan. Here we see the emergence of the Hathor cult – Hathor will eventually be the Chief Deity Amun’s wife/consort.

Cosmologically, we also have the Famine Text.   Dr. Ben says that we come from the mountains of the moon where God Hapi Dwelt – the closest document that speaks to this is not the Hunefer papyrus but the Famine Text.  In this document among other things – we see that the Nwst Djoser asking Imhotep why is there a Famine. Imhotep goes into the Mystery System Librabry for the Answer and says that Egypt in the Third Dynasty is not giving homage to its Ancestors in Nubia. So here is the primary evidence that we need.

After Imhotep told Pharoah what the Mystery System said about what may be the problem, Nwst Djoser made this decree about worshipping the South. M. Litchem’s translation:

Djoser’s decree

Then I awoke happy (?), my heart was decided and at ease. I decreed this order to the temple of my father Khnum.
23 Royal sacrifice for Khnum-Re, lord of the cataract, first of Nubia, as reward for what you favour me with. I make you a gift of your western shore by the mountain of the dusk and your eastern shore by the mountain of dawn, from Elephantine to …… with twelve aruras on the eastern and western shores, with the plants, with the harbours (?) with the river and with every settlement on these aruras.
24 All the peasants working their fields with their labourers and bringing water to their new and high-lying lands, their harvest shall be stored in your granary in excess of the part that used to be your due.
25 All fishermen and trappers and hunters on the water and lion catchers in the desert, I impose on them a duty of one tenth of their catch.
Every calf born by the cows on theses aruras shall be given to the stables as a burnt offering and a remaining daily offering.
26 Moreover one tenth of the gold and ivory and the wood and minerals and every tree stem and all things which the Nubians of Khenet-hen-nefer bring to Egypt shall be handed over together with every man who comes with them (?).
27 No vizier shall give orders in these places and levy a tax on them, diminishing what is being delivered to your temple.
I make you a gift of this field with the stones and the good fruit bearing land and nothing shall be taken away (?).

Here is Imhotep’s analysis:

“I directed my heart to turn to the past, I consulted one of the staff of the Ibis, The chief lector-priest of Imhotep, Son of Ptah South-of-his-Wall: “In which place is Hapy born? Which is the town of the Sinuous one? Which god dwells there? That he might join with  me.”

He stood: “I shall go to Mansion-of-the-Net, It is designed to support a man in his deeds; I shall enter the House of Life, Unroll the Souls of Re, I shall be guided by them.”

He departed, he returned to me quickly, He let me know the flow of Hapy, His shores and all the things they contain. He disclosed to me the hidden wonders, To which the ancestors had made their way, And no king had equaled them since.

He said to me: “There is a town in the midst of the deep, Surrounded by Hapy, Yebu by name; It is first of the first, First nome to Wawat, Earthly elevation, celestial hill, Seat of Re when he prepares To give life to every face. Its temple’s name is ‘Joy-of-life,’ ‘Twin Caverns’ is the water’s name, They are the breasts that nourish all.

It is the house of sleep of Hapy, He grows young in it in [his time], [lt is the place hence] he brings the flood: Bounding up he copulates, As man copulates with woman, Renewing his manhood with joy; Coursing twenty-eight cubits high, He passes Sema-behdet at seven.

Khnum is the god [who rules] there, [He is enthroned above the deep], His sandals resting on the flood; He holds the door bolt in his hand, Opens the gate as he wishes. He is eternal there as Shu, Bounty-giver, Lord-of-fields, So his name is called. He has reckoned the land of the South and the North, To give parts to every god; It is he who governs barley, [emmer], Fowl and fish and all one lives on.

Cord and scribal board are there, The pole is there with its beam. . . His temple opens southeastward, Re rises in its face every day; Its water rages on its south for an iter, A wall against the Nubians each day. There is a mountain massif in its eastern region, With precious stones and quarry stones of all kinds, All the things sought for building temples In Egypt, South and North, And stalls for sacred animals, And palaces for kings,

All statues too that stand in temples and in shrines.”

A thorough reading of this passage – the reader will conclude that the Kemet’s misfortune is caused by neglecting the past. In addition, Imhotep’s guidance is to pay particular attention to Khnum who is a Nubian God of creation. In addition, Hapy – the Nile God originates in Nubia to, as a matter of fact all things do.

Also Dr. Ben’s famous line “We come from the Mountains of the Moon where the God Hapy Dwelt” comes from this passage and not the Hunefer papyrus.  Of course, this quote from Dr. Ben is stylized – but is accurate to the extent that in Nubia is the Amun Temple which is an Origin Place. If you translate the Famine Text and do not see Mountains – then substitute Dr. Ben’s Mountains for “twin caravans”. The Master Teacher, Dr. Ben has never said that he translated the text that he read himself – the translation that he read from may not have been precise. Dr. Ben has been in Egypt of 60 years – the Mdu Ntr is growing and translations are getting more accurate or at least their are more variations.  However, the Famine Text is the only Document that we have that shows Imhotep was part of the Mysteries, that the “souls of re” was the sacred books.

From Djoser’s Dream: “I am Khnum, your maker! My arms are around you, To steady your body, To safeguard your limbs. I bestow on you stones upon stones, That were not found before, Of which no work was made, For building temples, Rebuilding ruins, Inlaying statues’ eyes.

For I am the master who makes, I am he who made himself, Exalted Nun, who first came forth, Hapy who hurries at will; Fashioner of everybody, Guide of each man in his hour, Tatenen, father of gods, Great Shu, high in heaven!

Here we see from the Third Dynasty a connection in Cosmoloy of Ancient Nubia.

In Short, the Secret of the Ankh  is a Paradigm that looks at the Hermopolis Creation Story. You can find a more detailed look at . Central to the Hermoplois Creation Story or the Khemnu Creation Story – Khemnu is the Medu Ntr  for the City of Eight where the Ogdoad  or Eight primordial Deities along with Tehuti and Maat Lived. – In the Name is of the City is the sounds of Khem and Nu and He – these represent the three of the four pairs. The four pairs are Amen/Amenet, Nu, Nunet, Kh/Kheket, He, Hehet. If you look at the sounds you come up with ANKH.  The City of Eight has the sounds of Ke,He and Nu.

There is a debate that Amen is really Imen so it can’t mean Ankh – However we don’t know if the pronunciation of Ankh is really inkh or just Nkh – We have unfortunately taken guidance from the European Academy without critique.

A second major part of the Secret of the Ankh is from those who have restored the Diety Amun/Amen. Central to this is a large body of evidence coming from the Nwst Ankh Tut Amun or Amun Tut Ankh.  This Nwst known as Tut – has another name. His name is Neb Khephera Ra. This is the symbol largely known as the mystery symbol . What we no is that it is the Pharoah’s  Amun Tut Ankh’s other name.

This name of this Nwst or Pharoah is important because he has both Ankh and Amun in his name. His wife has both Ankh and Amun. She is the Queen Ankh es Amun.

The 25th Dynasty Nwst Pi Ankh yy has Ankh in his name. His other name is Men Khepera Ra.  The close proximity in names of the Nwsts and their missions to restore Amen are hardly coincidental at all.

If time permits read the cosmology.

Lastly the important of Jerbel Barkal-One can argue that Egypt/Kemet created the various Cosmologies – Hermopolis or Khemnu/Heliopolis or An – or Memphite/Shabaqa both Kemet and Nubia point to each other.

Let’s explore this – Amen – who is an Ogdoad who reemerges in the chief diety of Kemet in the 18th Dynasty as Egypt is restored after Akenaton and the Armana Revolution. Lives in the South. He lives in the Holy Mountain of Jerbel Barkal.

The Egyptians being so different as others say – would not have the home of its most important deity in an enemy territory.  Jerbel Barkel  is holy because a small part of the mountain  has the Upper Crown and looks like a serpent. In addition, the Mountain is as a Birth Place of the Deity resembles what the Birth Place of a God and the World would be. Jerbel Barkel is a mountain with a Black Sut like foundation in side the mountain range. This place again closely resembles the cosmologies of a deity being born in Nun/Nunet and forming himself with Heh/Hehet, Kek, Kekhet. In this case the deity formed is Amen. In other cosmologies – Pe Ta He or Pth was formed, Ra was formed,  Aten was formed.  The creation is called Sep Tepyy or the first time.

Now a place that we would look would be do we see Jerbel Barkel in any of the text. This would be important. The answer to the question is yes. Besides the Cosmological Equivalence, we see the Holy Mountain in the Book of Coming Forth by Day and by Night. We also see the similarities in the Festivals of  Opet. This Festival is largely about the Nwst going back in time to Sep Teppy. We also see the second home of Amun being in Luxor. Amun is both Amun of Luxor and of Nubia.

I will reference an author Timothy Kendall – the Author of Jerbel Barkal – The History and Architecture of Ancient Napata.

A Good Reading of his work will show the significance of the cosmological argument.  Only understanding the Secret of the Ankh will allow you to understand the following:

The importance of the Nwst being baptized by the Ankh.

The Napta, Kemetic Cosmology will survive past the fall of Kemet. You can find the Deity Imana in Uganda. In Ethiopia you will find the Ogdoad in Solomon’s Ring an and the Coptic Cross – I have said it before but:

Here I want to include a very important recent finding after I have reread The Ethiopian Book of Life – The Bandlet of Rightousness. by Sir. E.A. Wallis Budge.

From x11 – in the footnote – In Codex A, p.54 is given a drawing of the Seal of Solomon. In the centre is what seems to be a gem emitting eight rays of light, and between double concentric circles are written the names HLYPT SLYT SPILT TR(?)YKT PP MRYT HLPT A(?)YLPT. Outside the cirles are the names DPP$ BRWLHT HKIKT TRKLT PPT PRISHT ALILT PPASHNT SHRI’T PLISHT. The text continues “These names shall be supporters, and protectors and deliverers and protectors against all diseases and sicknesses now; also before Kings and Governors, etc.

On p. xiii – Drawings of the Seal of Solomon are found in many Ethiopic amulets, and they are claimed to be copies of the device which was engraved on the bezel of Solomon’s ring. A prominent feature in all these drawings is a modified form of the Coptic Cross, whcih of course, proclaimes their non-Hebrew origin. Worked into the designs are two, four, or eight eyes, which indicate that the Seal was specially intended to protect the wearers of the amulets from the Evil Eye and from the attacks of fiends and the Devil. Here is the powers of the primordial eight pairs surviving and being recoded into the Coptics.

The Below is additional contact of Nubians and Egyptians: Egyptian Contact with other peoples from 3000 bc to the invasion of the Hykos – the main source was from Warefare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC – Holy Warriors at the Dawn of History by William J. Hamblin.


King Scorpion    vs   King Ka     (3085?-3060?)
King Ka              vs    Nubian Kings of Ta-Sety (3075-3050?)
Aha vs Ta-Sety
Second Dynasty
Ranebi (Nebra) military expedition to Kharga Oasis (2820-2790 BC)
Khaskhemy father of Djoser  vs Ta-Sety
Djoser (Netjerikhet) (2687-2668) expedition to mines at Wadi Mahara in south west Sinai.
Huny (Qahedjet) 2653-2649 vs Nubian
Third Dynasty  2387-2649
Huny (Qahedjet) 2353-2649 the last king of the Dynasty who probably built the fortification at Elephantine Island against the rise of Nubian Threat.
Forth Dynasty
Sneferu (2649-2609) vs Nubia, Libya, Sinai
Khafra 2576-2551 vs Nubia
Fifth Dynasty
Userkaf (2513-2506) vs Nubia
Djedkare Izezi Maritime expeditionsto Punt
Wenis negotions with Nubians at Elephantine
Sixth Dynasty
Teti (2374-2354) expeditions vs Canaanites, expeditions to Punt
Merenre II 2310-2300 – Recorded Military expeditions to Nubia
Horkhuf (Harkhuf) 2310-2300 Military Expeditions to Nubia and Libya
Now we  meet Pepy II the longest raining Pharaoh in History 94 years
Pepy (Phiops) II 2300-2206
Pepinakht and his son Sabni accounts military affairs around Nubian Border
Collapse of Old Kindgom 2206-2191
Seventh Dynasty 2190 – Egyptian internal Strive
Eighth Dynasty 2190-2165 more internal Strive
Ninth Dynasty 2164-2040
Akhtoy I (Khety, Archtoes)  - Manetho reported this king acting more cruelly then predecessors in internal Egyptian affairs.
10th Dynasty more strife
11th Dynasty  Mentuhotpe 2155-2134 – established semi independent power at thebes.
MontuHotep unification of Egypt 2047-2035
Western Desert and Expeditions against Nubians.
Montuhotep II 2011-2000  ruled for a decade – Focused on Canaan. However he reopened Maritime Trade to Punt.
Twelfth Dynasty 1991-1786
Amenemht I 1991-1971/1962 – Thoughm Amenemht was a son of a woman from Ta-Sety, He had a strong Nubian Policy also campains against the sand dwellers.
Senwoseret 1971/1962-1928 – For Father Amememht - In charge of Libyan Expeditions Father was assassinated – defeated assassins – kept throne. but as a King focused on Nubia and its resources.
Amememhet II 1929-1895 – Campaigns into Syria as well as managing Nubia.
Senwosret (Sesostris III) 1878-1843 – Called a Conqueror greater then Alexander the Great. Expanded Egypt deeper into Kush and Kerma (Central Sudan) as well as into Canann.
Amenemht III 1843-1797  The Greek Ammenemes – Builder of the Labyrinth  - noted for his half century rule and trade with Sinai and Nubia
Thirteenth Dynasty – 1786-1667 – not well documented ruled by 50 kings. Lost much of Nubia – Kushite King marked his victory with an Egyptian-style stele, depicting himself with bow, malice and the crown of Upper Egypt.
Fourteenth Dynasty (The Canaanite) Dynasty 1788-1667
Called the Hykos Dynasty – where the Hykos conquered Lower Egypt.
It is here where there is a period of Semetic Control where Asiatics came into Egypt.

******I want to center this argument on the Weni of Abydos Expedition of (2350-2330)

The Nwst Weni made a huge military expedition to Canaan. The importance about this is that his autobiography gives a complete description of the peoples in the area.

Here is the translation:

“When is majesty took actions against the Eastern Sand-dwellers, his majesty made an army of many tens of thousands from all of Upper Egypt; from Yebu (Aswan) in the south to Medenyt in the north; from lower Egypt: from all of the Two Sides of the Huse and from Sedjer and Khensedjru; and mercenaries from Irtjet-Nubians, Medja-Nubians, Yam-Nubians, Wawat- Nubians, Kaau-Nubians, Kaau-Nubians; and from Tjemeh (Southern Libyans)

This is important about this is that Weni emloyed a huge army of non Egyptian Nationals to fight the Cananns. There is no mention of nationals Across the Red Sea as any importance.

From Ancient Literature  – The Old and Middle Kingdoms by Miriam Lichtheim, Vol 1: I have her translated passage of Weni’s return from his autobiography

This army returned in safety, It has ravaged the Sand-Dweller’s land. This army returned in safety, It had flattened the Sand-Dwellers’ land. This army returned in safety, It had sacked its strongholds, This army returned in safety, It had cut down its figs, its vines. This army returned in safety, It had thrown fire in all its [mansions]. This army returned in safety, It had slain its troops by many ten-thousands, This army returned in safety, [It had carried} off many [troops] as captives.

From another translation of literature from Egypt, I also have an extraordinary descriptions of the Asiatics from the Middle Kingdom Instructions to King Merikare. This is an instruction from Old King to his successor.

… It is settled with towns, filled with people, Of the best in the whole land, To repel (90) attacks against them. May I see a brave man who will copy it, Who will add to what I have done, A wretched heir would disgrace me.

But this should be said to the Bowman: Lo, the Miserable Asiatic, He is wretched because of the place he’s in: Short of water, bare of wood, Its paths are many and painful because of the mountains.

He does not dwell in one place, Food propels his legs, He fights since the time of Horus, Not conquering nor being conquered, He does not announce the day of combat, Like a thief who darts about a group.

But as I live and shall be what I am, When the Bowmen were a sealed wall,  I breached their strongholds, I made Lower Egypt attack them, I captured their inhabitants, I seized their cattle, Until the Asiatics abhorred Egypt.

Do not concern yourself with him, The Asiatic is a crocodile on its shore, It snatches from a lonely road, It cannot seize from a populous road,

I want to add Senwosret III biography 1878-1843 bc

After the Nubian campaign his majestry travelled downstream Northward to overthrow the Bedouin of the Cannan. His majesty arrived at a foreign land, Shechem by name… Then Shechem fell, together with the vile Retenu Canaanites, while I acted as the rearguard. Then the soldiers joined in to fight with the Easterners. Thereupon I captured an Easterner. Then I had his weapons seized by two soldiers. There was no turning back from the fray, but my face was to the fore of the battle. I did not show my back to the Easterner. In reward Senwosret game to me a staff of electrum in my hand, a bow and a dagger wrought with electrum, together with the weaons, I captured from the enemy. AIB 120.  What is important is that Egypt is in the Biblical Sheckhem and was operating there.

Equally as important is the literature and archeology about Egypt’s contact with the South.

Now we  meet Pepy II the longest raining Pharoah in History 94 years Pepy (Phiops) II 2300-2206 Pepy  wrote this fantastic  passage.

The Pygmy of the god’s dances from the land of the horizon-dwellers at the end of the earth….. Hurry and bring with you this pygmy…. Get worthy men to be around him on deck, lest he fall in the water on the trip down to the Nile. When he lies down at night, get worthy men to lie around him in his tent. Inspect him ten times at night (AEL 1:26-7

Henemu’s expedition to Punt, 2004

…. Donkeys were laden with sandals; when a foot became unshod another sandal was ready. I also made twelve wells on the valley floor and two wells in Idahet, one measuring twenty cubits, the other thirty. I made another in Yaheteb of 10 by 10 cubites at all water levels. Then I reached the sea and then I build this fleet. I loaded it with everything when I made for it a great sacrifice of cattle and goats. When I had returned from the sea, I had done what his majesty had commanded me bringing for him all kinds of gifts that I had found on the shores of god’s land Punt…. Never had the likes been done by any King’s Friend since the mytical time of the God. p 389 Warfare in the Ancient Near East to 1600 BC – William J. Hamblin

From Pre-Dynastic Egypt At least (3200-3000 BC) – We have evidence of conflict between Nubia and Egypt. Particularly with King Ka and the Nubian Kindoms of Ta-Sety in northern Sudan. The evidence is an excavation of a cemetery with royal burials of rulers of a powerful Pre-Dynastic Kingdom that was the equal and competitor of Kmt (Egypt) at that time.

Bruce Williams interprets some elements of Egyptian kingship as originating in Nubia: “Qustul: The Lost Pharoahs of Nubia”, Archeology, 33/5 (1980)

There existed also in this find pro-hieroglyphic writing. Which is very important because it seemed that writing originated in Nubia and spread to Egypt? If this is the case then, if there was an empire in the Saudi Peninsula, it should have spread that way.

In the Middle King Egypt had conflicts with the Confederation of Kush or Kerma Civilization – Names of LandsThree Main Egyptian Land Masses that are talked about as belonging or having a relationship to Kmt. They are Ta-Meri, Ta-Seti and Ta-Ntr or Ta-Netjer. Ta-Meri is Kmt Proper, Ta-Seti is Sudan (Nubia) We know this because there has been artifacts found in Nubia with the inscriptions of Ta-Seti. According to the Oriental Institute, Nubia Salvage Project – “Other representations and monuments could then be identified, and in the process, a lost kingdom, called Ta-Seti or Land of the Bow, was discovered. In fact, the cemetery at Qustul leads directly to the first great royal monuments of Egypt in a progression. Qustul in Nubia could well have been the seat of Egypt’s founding dynasty. Certainly, no artifacts have been found in the Saudi Peninsula with Mdu Ntr from the Old Kingdom. There is much speculation what Ta-Ntr could have been – It could have meant points further south where Egyptians may have claimed their ancestral homeland. It could have meant all of Nubia. To say that Ta Ntr is Punt and say that Ta Netjer was Ethiopia and all of the Saudi Arabia Peninsula without archeological proof is questionable scholarship. Also to say that Ancient Arabs were part of Punt is also questionable.

Though Ta Ntr is mentioned much in Ancient Egypt and almost everywhere where there is a funerary text beginning with the Htp-Nwst where it introduces Ausar.

From Ancient Egypt standpoint we have a relevant description of Punt from Queen Hatshepsut’s voyage to Punt. The point also to this is that the Egyptians were aware of where there ancestors came from. Also the Nubians were aware of where there ancestors came from. The God Besi (Twa) and the the God Hapi (Nile) are two of the oldest deities and they come from Nubia.

Figure of God Bes/Bisu – notice that he is bearded

We know that Punt is on the mainland of Africa for it is identified with the diety Bes (Pygmy figurative).  Also present were elephant tusk, ivory (hebny) and gum (Kemy), skins of giraffes, panthers and the sacred Cynocephalus baboons.

From Translation of Hatshepsut’s visit.

“…loading of the ships very heavily with marvels of the country of Punt; all goodly fragrant woods of God’s-Land, heaps of myrrh resin, with fresh myrrh trees, with ebony and pure ivory, with green gold of Emu, with cinnamon wood, khesyt wood, with two kinds of incense, eye-cosmetics, with apes, monkeys, dogs, and with skins of the southern panther, with natives and their children. Never was brought the like of this for any king who has been since the beginning”

I also want to add the translation from the Transliteration of the Mdu Ntr.

During the lecture, Dr Wesley keeps identifying the Africans who crossed over to Ethiopia as the Ancient Cushites.  It is important here to speak a little bit about the empires of Ethiopia and Nubia.

Ancient Nubia-From Wikipedia and Encyclopedia Sources

Early history

By the 7th millennium BC, exceedingly large and organized settlements may be found in the region, relying also on deep wells for sources of water.[2] Huts are found constructed in straight rows.[2] Sustenance included fruit, legumes, millets, sorghum and tubers.[2]

Also in the late 7th millennium BC, but a little later than above, imported goats and sheep, apparently from Southwest Asia [1], appear. Many large hearths also appear.[2]

High level of organization

Archaeological discoveries reveal that these prehistoric peoples led livelihoods seemingly at a higher level of organization than their contemporaries who lived closer to the Nile Valley:[2]

Findings also indicate that the region was occupied only seasonally, likely only in the summer when the local lake filled with water for grazing cattle.[4][2] Analysis of human remains suggest migration from sub-Saharan Africa.[4]

Religious ties to ancient Egypt

By the 6th millennium BC, evidence of a prehistoric religion or cult appears, with a number of sacrificed cattle buried in stone-roofed chambers lined with clay.[2] It has been suggested that the associated cattle cult indicated in Nabta Playa marks an early evolution of Ancient Egypt‘s Hathor cult. For example, Hathor was worshipped as a nighttime protector in desert regions (see Serabit el-Khadim). To directly quote professors Wendorf and Schild:[2]

… there are many aspects of political and ceremonial life in the Predynastic and Old Kingdom that reflects a strong impact from Saharan cattle pastoralists

Nevertheless, though the religious practices of the region involving cattle suggest ties to Ancient Egypt,[2] Egyptologist Mark Lehner[1] cautions:

It makes sense, but not in a facile, direct way. You can’t go straight from these megaliths to the pyramid of Djoser.

Other subterranean complexes are also found in Nabta Playa, one of which included evidence of perhaps an early Egyptian attempt at sculpture.[2] One of the world’s earliest known examples of archeoastronomy Circular chromlech at Nabta

By the 5th millennium BC these peoples had fashioned one of the world’s earliest known archeoastronomical devices (roughly contemporary to the Goseck circle in Germany and the Mnajdra megalithic temple complex in Malta), about 1000 years older than but comparable to Stonehenge[2] (see sketch at right). Research suggests that it may have been a prehistoric calendar which accurately marks the summer solstice.[3]

The research done by the astrophysicist Thomas G. Brophy suggests that these monoliths might tell much more. The calendar circle itself is made up of one doorway that runs north-south, a second that runs northeast-southwest marking the summer solstice, and six center stones (see sketch above). Brophy’s hypothesis proposes first that the southerly line of three stones inside the calendar circle represented the three stars of Orion’s Belt and the other three stones inside the calendar circle represented the shoulders and head stars of Orion as they appeared in the sky. These correspondences were for two dates — circa 4,800 BC and at precessional opposition — representing how the sky “moves” long term. Brophy proposes that the circle was constructed and used circa the later date, and the dual date representation was a conceptual representation of the motion of the sky over a precession cycle.

Near by the calendar circle, which is made of smaller stones, there are alignments of large megalithic stones. The southerly lines of these megaliths, Brophy shows, aligned to the same stars as represented in the calendar circle, all at the same epoch, circa 6270 BC. The calendar circle correlation with Orion’s belt occurred between 6400 BC and 4900 BC, matching the radio-carbon dating of campfires around the circle.[5]

Brophy found that the lines made to these megaliths match the spots in the sky where the various stars rose in vernal equinox heliacal rising. In analyzing the varying distances, mulling through assumptions such as that they represented the brightness of the stars, he inadvertently found that they matched the distance of the stars from Earth on a scale of roughly 1 meter = .8 light years within the margin of error for astronomical distances calculated today.[6].

The purpose hear is to show that the Ancient Nubians had a high order of civilization including science.

From The Nubia Salvage Project

NUBIA – “Its glory and its people”


FEBRUARY 1 thru 28, 1987

Presented by: THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO and the OAK WOODS CEMETERY ASSOCIATION In the Tower of Memories, Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago

An Early Kingdom in the Land of the Bow: Nubia

The A-Group, 3800-3100 B.C.

The first continuous agricultural tradition in Africa, the Sudanese-Saharan Neolithic, developed almost ten thousand years ago in country west of Nubia that is now desert.

The Nile Valley in Egypt had been inhospitable, but in the seasonally dry channels of the Second Cataract, early farmers learned to manage parts of the river’s annual flood. This knowledge could then be applied in Egypt’s wide floodplain, giving rise to the great sequence of Upper Egypt’s early civilizations.

Upper Egypt soon grew wealthy and its culture expanded again into Nubia, where renewed southern contacts gave rise to the first of Nubia’s trading cultures, called the A-Group. Incense, copper, gold, objects of shell, and semiprecious stones were traded northward in return for manufactured articles and probably agricultural produce.

Most surprising, evidence that early pharaohs ruled in A-Group Nubia was discovered by the Oriental Institute at Qustul, almost at the modern Sudanese border. A cemetery of large tombs contained evidence of wealth and representations of the rulers and their victories. Other representations and monuments could then be identified, and in the process, a lost kingdom, called Ta-Seti or Land of the Bow, was discovered. In fact, the cemetery at Qustul leads directly to the first great royal monuments of Egypt in a progression. Qustul in Nubia could well have been the seat of Egypt’s founding dynasty.

The Land of Wawat: C-Group Lower Nubia, 2300-1550 B.C.

Life in Nubia between 3100 and about 2300 B. C. differed greatly from the prosperous times of A-Group. We know of only a few inhabitants and one substantial town, where copper was smelted for export.

About 2300 B.C., during the Egyptian Sixth Dynasty, a new culture appeared, which archaeologists call C-Group. Cattle played an important role in this culture, as they have in many other African societies since. Nevertheless, the C-Group was settled permanently along the Nile, from Aswan to the Second Cataract, and a closely related culture was established in northern Sudan, especially at Kerma, south of the Third Cataract. As Egypt fragmented politically, C-Group people entered the country to the north, as herdsmen and soldiers. They sometimes rose very high in Egyptian society and they played an important role in the struggles that founded the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, about 2050 B.C.

From biographies of Egyptian governors at Aswan, about 2300 B. C., we learn that the peoples to the south were concentrated in four principalities. One, Wawat, later gave its name to all of Lower Nubia, the land between the First and the Second Cataracts. Another, Yam, may have been a predecessor of Kush. In the Egyptian period of disunity, about 2250 B. C., Lower Nubia had its own pharaohs.

C-Group is well known for its tightly packed cemeteries of high stone circles. Next to these circles were placed stelae, some with pictures of cattle incised on them, and pottery, some of Nubia’s finest art. Three major cemeteries and a house of this culture were excavated by the Oriental Institute at Adindan and Serra East.

Kerma and the Rise of Kush, ca. 2000-1550 B. C.

Egypt conquered Lower Nubia about 1950 B. C., and retained it until about 1700. C-Group kept its cultural identity under Egyptian rule, but the land of Kush to the south and the Medjay people of the Eastern Desert remained independent. Kush, much influenced by the Medjay, became a major power in the south, and as Egypt fell into disunity again, about 1700 B. C., Kush took over Lower Nubia with its C-Group population and Egyptian garrisons. The allegiance of people and soldiers was transferred to the southern ruler who was represented as a pharaoh.

Most archaeology of the Kerma culture or early Kush is found south of the Second Cataract, especially at the great capital at Kerma, with its central temples, elaborate smelter, manufacturing installations, houses and enormous royal mound tombs. Its magnificent pottery was sometimes exported as far north as the Egyptian Delta, and sometimes carried north by travelling officials and soldiers.

The Ages of Egyptian Occupation

The Middle Kingdom, 1950-1700 B. C. The New Kingdom, 1550-1 100 B.C.

The two periods of Egyptian rule in Nubia were quite different. In the Middle Kingdom, Egyptian garrisons occupied fortresses and the native C-Group peoples were not profoundly changed by the imperial occupation.

After the terrible struggles that ended Egypt’s Second Intermediate Period, objects and many local customs became practically indistinguishable from those of Egypt. Much that underlay the tremendous elaboration of Egypt must have been present long before in Nubia, for the rapid, sympathetic, and understanding adoption of Egyptian culture in Nubia is unique in the ancient world. Egypt invested heavily in this change, building numerous temple complexes such as Abu Simbel that were at once centers of religion, culture, politics, and economy. In later centuries, this investment bore fruit as Nubia championed the pharaonic faith against forces of disruption, conquest and foreign rule in the Nile Valley again and again

Now we get to Kush. If Dr. Wesleys says that the ancient Arabs were actually Ancient Kushites then the empire of Kush begins around 1100 BC. I may be misrepresenting him, because he may have said that the Ancient Kushites crossed over into Yemen in Pre-history and left Africa before 3000 B.C.  Though this may be possible – Let’s table that for a second and handle that in the next last section.

The Empire of Kush

Between 1100 and 750 B.C., little is known of Nubia, but after 750, a new Kushite kingdom appeared at Napata near the Fourth Cataract and rapidly expanded into a huge empire. To the south, Meroe was founded. To the north, Egypt had fallen into fragments under Libyan rulers, and the Kushites extended their control north of Thebes, the cult center of the god Amun in Egypt, who was also the most favored deity of Kush. Piye, most famous of Kush’s pharaohs, united the Nile Valley from the Mediterranean to Meroe, creating one of Africa’s greatest states. He and his successors are known as Egypt’s Twenty-fifth Dynasty.

We are talking about the period of Pianky, Shabaka and Taharqa.

Taharqa, was a great builder, and the Kushite rulers led Egypt to its last age of outstanding achievement, which reached its peak in the sixth century B.C. But when Kush tried to stop the westward advance of Assyria in Asia, Taharqa and his successor Tanutamani were defeated and expelled from Egypt by 650 B.C. In Nubia and Sudan, Kush continued to be a major state for a thousand years.


It is where in Ethiopia and/or Yemen – the Legend of Sheba both
Christian and Islamic appears. This dated around 1,000 B.C.

To The African Ethiopia, she is known as Makeda,

For The Nubians from Wikipedia to be brief – The tradition of the Candaces is well documented in Nubia, where the rule of its many queens recedes into prehistoric times and there the title Kentakes is a term used to describe the long tradition of leadership in Nubia by warrior queens. Nubia was south of Ancient Egypt, also divided by the Nile River and bordered by the Red Sea and, it is another candidate for the location of Sheba and the famous queen. The history of Nubia provides examples of a tradition and a wealthy kingdom that could be the original kingdom of the Queen of Sheba. The economics of the culture was based upon trade. David Jones, in Women Warriors: a History, relates that in 332 BC Alexander the Great attempted to lead his army into Nubia. At its border, he was confronted by the brilliant military formations devised by their warrior queen, Candace of Meroë. She led her army on the opposite side of the border from atop an elephant. Alexander withdrew and redirected his forces to enter Egypt instead.[9] It should be noted that this story is thought by scholars to be legendary, and Alexander appears never to have attacked Nubia. [10][11] That was the beginning of the Greek rule of Egypt that would last for three hundred years until the Roman occupation in 30 B.C.

The Big Point of This is that we know that in Egypt Females Ruled and we know that in Nubia Females ruled. We have no documentation that Arab Females ruled. So it would look more like that Sheba was in fact Makeda and an African.

Meroitic Nubia, ca. 200 B.C.- A.D. 300

The actual capital of Kush was established at Meroe quite early even though its rulers built pyramids near Napata until about 300 B.C. Meroe became a great city of large industrial complexes and great temples, with an inner city that contained palaces, a shrine with a large pool and columns that spouted water, and even an observatory. Numerous important centers were founded in the Isle of Meroe, and great temple complexes dedicated to gods with both Egyptian and Meroitic names. The most important Meroitic deity was Apedemak, usually shown with a lion’s head, who became one of the greatest state gods. The outstanding Meroitic industry known to us is iron. The site of Meroe still contains large heaps of slag, and recent excavations have unearthed parts of the furnaces used to smelt the metal.

In the north, Meroitic policy had been to assist revolts in Upper Egypt against foreign rulers, such as Persians, the Macedonian Ptolemies, and Romans. After an agreement with Rome just after 23 B.C., Meroitic settlers were able to live close to Aswan, beginning a new era of prosperity in Lower Nubia. Wealth derived from trade made possible some of Nubia’s most delightful achievements in arts and crafts. The culture, like that of Kush’s main center at Meroe, was pharaonic, and the representations on pottery and small objects were made in accordance with the what was considered proper in that tradition. These Meroites of Lower Nubia also constructed small brick pyramids, and equipped their chapels with stone sculptures and inscribed monuments.

X-Group Nubia

The Blemmyes, ca A.D. 250-500

The Noubadian Kingdom, ca. A.D. 350-550

With the Roman world in turmoil, and Meroe in decline, a people from east of the Nile known to the Greeks as Blemmyes and to the Arabs as Bedja, rapidly overran much of Egypt and Lower Nubia. Although expelled from Egypt, they were able to establish themselves in the region of Nubia just south of Aswan. Although they continued the religion of the pharaohs, their rulers used the Greek forms of contemporary Roman Imperial titles. The Oriental Institute excavated near Kalabsha and recovered many fragments of decoration from one of the Blemmyes’ most important holy places, as well as pieces of their unusual and beautiful pottery.

South of the Blemmyes, the Meroitic province of Lower Nubia collapsed by about A. D. 300, and by 375, the kingdom of the Noubades, now known as Nubians was established with its capital near the modern Sudanese Border. Great mound-tombs of its kings at Qustul and Ballana contained much wealth, in crowns, jewels, and great weapons, including long African spear-swords, now in the Cairo Museum. The Oriental Institute’s own excavations there discovered that the tumuli themselves were only part of larger complexes of chapels and sacrificial pits. Like the Meroitic rulers they supplanted, the Noubadians used pharaonic symbols and worshipped ancient gods. They joined with the Blemmyes in attacks on Upper Egypt in defense of the old religion against the newly dominant Christianity.

Christian Nubia, ca. A.D. 550-1400

The reason for this is to look into Nubian Civilization to add to the record that the Civilization below Kmt was various Nubian Periods. In these Nubian Periods – there is no record of the Nubians having any large conflicts with people across the Red Sea.

Here is Cosmology references in short
The cosmology of Khmun or Hermopolis is one of the oldest cosmologies. There are several themes but existing was Amen/Amenet, Nun/Nunet, Kuk/Kukhet, Heh/Hehet and Tuhuti was called their father is some text and Maat their mother in another text. In this cosmology some event explosion took place that caused the combining of the eight
References are the “lake of two knives”, “island of flames”.

The cosmology of Khmun then combines with the cosmology of Yonew, Helipolis or On. In this cosmology precreation is not explicityl stated but Atum is created in some event with Nun and steps on the primieval hill and begins creation.

The next cosmology is that of Menefer/memphite/Hikuptah Cosmology. Here Ptah takes the role of Atun and embodies in his mouth the Eight and creates the Ennead.

From the Middle Kingdom Amen Hotep III begins the worship of Amun Re His Son Amen Hotep IV begins the worship of Aten Re combining older dieties into Aten. He takes this one step further by defacing the names of the other dieties.

Amen Tut Ankh (Tut Ankh Amun) restores the old religion Horemhab begins the persecution of the Aten priesthood

Amun Ra becomes the popular Dietity of the working people in Waset/Thebes. Amun is “that beloved God who hearkens to humble entreaties, who stretches forth his hand to the  humble, who saves the weak”, “who hears prayer, conies at the  voice of the distressed humble one, who gives breath to him that is  wretched”, and Re-Harakhte is called “august, beloved, merciful  God who hears him that prays, who hears the humble entreaties  of him that calls upon him, who comes at the voice of him that  utters his name.”

Amun Ra has 777 ears and milions of Eyes. He becomes the hidden one that we pray and hears our prayers and appears when we need him.

The Shabaka stone contains aspects of  all of the Cosmologies.  I asked Kemetic Professor  Mfundishi Jhutyms about the problems of the different strains of cosmology and he has an excellent metaphor that described helps. Basically, if a car runs in back of a bus – and there are three witnesses. Each witness will tell his story from his vantage point. But the fact is that the car hit the bus. So there is at least one agreement. Here life comes out of Nun/Nunet.

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